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Hepato-biliary diseases

Additional recommended knowledge


Liver diseases

Viral hepatitis

  • Acute hepatitis A
  • Acute hepatitis B
  • Acute Hepatitis D -this is actually a superinfection with the delta-agent in a patient already infected with hepatitis B
  • Acute hepatitis C
  • Acute hepatitis E
  • Chronic viral hepatitis
  • Other viral hepatitis virusses may exist but are not so firmly established as the previous ones: hepatitis G.

Liver dysfunction in other infectious diseases

Other inflammatory liver diseases

Alcoholic liver disease

This may cause fatty liver, hepatitis, fibrosis and sclerosis leading to cirrhosis and finally hepatic failure.

Toxic liver disease

This includes mostly drug-induced hepatotoxicity, which may generate many different patterns over liver disease, including

Liver damage is part of Reye's syndrome.

Liver tumours

Malignant neoplasm of liver and intrahepatic bile ducts. The most frequent forms are metastatic malignant neoplasm of liver)

Benign neoplasm of liver include hepatic hemangiomas, hepatic adenomas, and focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH).

End-stage liver disease

Chronic liver diseases like chronic hepatitis, chronic alcohol abuse or chronic toxic liver disease may cause

Cirrhosis may also occur in primary biliary cirrhosis. Rarely, cirrhosis is congenital.

Metabolic diseases

Vascular disorders


  • congenital cystic disease of liver
  • Cysts caused by Echinococcus
  • hepatic cyst*


Amyloid degeneration of liver

Gallbladder and biliary tract diseases


In hepatology, important signs and symptoms include:



This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Hepato-biliary_diseases". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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