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Enteritis




Main article: Gastroenteritis
Enteritis
Classification & external resources
ICD-10 A02.-A09., K50.-K55.
ICD-9 005, 008, 009, 555-558
MeSH D004751

In medicine, enteritis refers to inflammation of the small intestine. See also inflammation of related organs of the gastrointestinal system: gastritis (stomach), gastroenteritis (stomach and small intestine), colitis (large intestine), and enterocolitis (large and small intestine).

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Signs and symptoms

Symptoms may include abdominal pain, diarrhea, abdominal distension and hematochezia.

If there is vomiting, gastroenteritis is the more correct diagnosis.

Diagnosis

Generally a good history is the most important tool in distinguishing serious cases of enteritis from self-limiting ones. The presence of blood in the faeces, dehydration, cutaneous eruptions, presumed link with food exposure, as well as recent travel to endemic areas can prompt further investigation.

Acute enteritis is usually due to bacteria or viruses. When food is involved, foodborne illness is to be suspected. If other family members or members of the household are affected, this may signify infectious causes.

Chronic enteritis can be due to Crohn's disease, giardiasis, tuberculosis, coeliac disease, or rarely due to Whipple's disease.

Treatment

Viral diarrhea is usually self-limiting and is treated with rehydration. When bacterial causes are suspected (recent travel, food poisoning), antibiotics can be considered.

Chronic enteritides are treated according to the diagnosis (please refer to individual articles).

See also

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Enteritis". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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