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Focal nodular hyperplasia



Focal nodular hyperplasia
Classification & external resources
DiseasesDB 33467
eMedicine radio/286 
MeSH D020518

Focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) is a benign tumour of the liver (hepatic tumour), which is the second most prevalent tumour of the liver (the first is hepatic hemangioma). It is usually asymptomatic, rarely grows or bleeds, and has no malignant potential. This tumour is often resected because it is difficult to distinguish from hepatic adenoma.

Additional recommended knowledge

Focal nodular hyperplasia's most recognizable gross feature is a central stellate scar seen in 60-70% of cases. Microscopically, a lobular proliferation of bland-appearing hepatocytes with a bile ductular proliferation and malformed vessels within the fibrous scar is the most common pattern. Other patterns include telangiectatic, hyperplastic-adenomatous, and lesions with focal large-cell dysplasia.[1] Rarely, these lesions may be multiple or can occur as part of a syndrome with hemangiomas, epithelioid hemangioendothelioma, hepatic adenomas, fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma, vascular malformations of the brain, meningiomas, and/or astrocytomas.[1]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Nguyen et al. Focal Nodular Hyperplasia of the Liver: A Comprehensive Pathologic Study of 305 Lesions and Recognition of New Histologic Forms. Am J Surg Path 1999:23(12); 1441-4.

References


 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Focal_nodular_hyperplasia". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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