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Gait abnormality typically results from affections of nervous and musculoskeletal systems. Persons suffering from peripheral neuropathy experience numbness and tingling in their hands and feet. This can cause ambulation impairment, trouble in climbing stairs and maintaining balance. Gait abnormality is also common in persons with nervous system affections such as Multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, Myasthenia gravis among others. Orthopedic corrective treatments may also manifest into gait abnormality, such as lower extremity amputation, post-fracture, and arthroplasty (joint replacement). Difficulty in ambulation that results from chemotherapy is generally temporary in nature, though recovery times of six months to a year are common. Likewise, difficulty in walking due to arthritis, joint pains (antalgic gait) sometimes resolve spontaneously once the pain is gone..
Specific abnormalities and examples of causes
User favors certain motions to avoid acute pain. 
Drunken gait/Cerebellar ataxia
Reeling in a style like that of an intoxicated person. 
Festinating gait/Parkinsonian gait
Torsional abnormalities. 
Stiff, with head and neck bent. 
Steppage gait/High stepping gait
Legs flexed slightly at the hips and knees, giving the appearance of crouching, with the knees and thighs hitting or crossing in a scissors-like movement. Often mixed with or accompanied by spastic gait, a stiff, foot-dragging walk caused by one-sided, long-term muscle contraction. Most common in patients with spastic cerebral palsy, usually diplegic and paraplegic varieties. The individual is forced to walk on tiptoe unless the dorsiflexor muscles are released by an orthaepedic surgical procedure. Muscle contractures of the adductors result in thighs and knees rubbing together and crossing in a manner analogous to scissors.
These features are typical, and usually result in some form and to some degree regardless of the mildness or severity of the spastic CP condition.
Sensory ataxia gait/Stomping gait
Feet seem attached to floor as if by a magnet. In magnetic gait, each step is initiated in a "wresting" motion carrying feet upward and forward. Magnetic gait can be visualized in terms of a powerful magnet being forcefully pulled from a steel plate.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Gait_abnormality". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|