Classification & external resources
Alopecia universalis or alopecia areata universalis is a medical condition involving rapid loss of all hair, including eyebrows and eyelashes. It is the most severe form of alopecia areata, with an incidence of .001% (1 in 100,000).
Additional recommended knowledge
Alopecia universalis can occur at any age, and is currently believed to be an autoimmune disorder.
There is no standard treatment for alopecia universalis. Many treatments have been explored, including immunomodulatory agents such as imiquimod.
Notable people with alopecia universalis
- Art Harris, a journalist best known for his work as a CNN assignment reporter
- Duncan Goodhew, a former Olympic swimmer
- David Ferrie, A CIA operative, pilot, and private investigator.
- Matt Lucas, an actor appearing in the Little Britain TV series
- Pierluigi Collina, the world's most famous soccer referee
- Staciana Stitts-Winfield who won the gold medal in the 100m breaststroke at the 1999 Pan American Games in Winnipeg, Manitoba. She was also a member of the USA national team at the 1998 Goodwill Games in New York, placing second in the 100m breast and was on the gold medal winning 400 medley relay (breaststroke leg).
Fictional characters with alopecia universalis
- Stan Sitwell, a character on the sitcom Arrested Development
- The Judge, a character in Cormac McCarthy's novel Blood Meridian
- China, a pony belonging to Kaitlin Cooper from television's The O.C
- ^ Robins DN (2007). "Case reports: alopecia universalis: hair growth following initiation of simvastatin and ezetimibe therapy". Journal of drugs in dermatology : JDD 6 (9): 946–7. PMID 17941369.
- ^ Letada PR, Sparling JD, Norwood C (2007). "Imiquimod in the treatment of alopecia universalis". Cutis; cutaneous medicine for the practitioner 79 (2): 138–40. PMID 17388216.
|Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue (integumentary system) (L, 680-709)|
|Infections||Staphylococcus (Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome, Impetigo, Boil, Carbuncle) - Cellulitis (Paronychia) - Acute lymphadenitis - Pilonidal cyst - Corynebacterium (Erythrasma)|
|Bullous disorders||Pemphigus - Pemphigoid (Bullous pemphigoid) - Dermatitis herpetiformis|
|Dermatitis and eczema||Atopic dermatitis - Seborrhoeic dermatitis (Dandruff, Cradle cap) - Diaper rash - Urushiol-induced contact dermatitis - Contact dermatitis - Erythroderma - Lichen simplex chronicus - Prurigo nodularis - Itch - Pruritus ani - Nummular dermatitis - Dyshidrosis - Pityriasis alba|
|Papulosquamous disorders||Psoriasis (Psoriatic arthritis) - Parapsoriasis (Pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta, Pityriasis lichenoides chronica) - Pityriasis rosea - Lichen planus - Pityriasis rubra pilaris - Lichen nitidus|
|Urticaria and erythema||Urticaria (Dermatographic urticaria, Cholinergic urticaria) - Erythema (Erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, Toxic epidermal necrolysis, Erythema nodosum, Erythema annulare centrifugum, Erythema marginatum)|
|Radiation-related disorders||Sunburn - Actinic keratosis - Polymorphous light eruption - Radiodermatitis - Erythema ab igne|
|Disorders of skin appendages||nail disease: Ingrown nail - Onychogryposis - Beau's lines - Yellow nail syndrome
hair loss: Alopecia areata (Alopecia totalis, Alopecia universalis, Ophiasis) - Androgenic alopecia - Telogen effluvium - Traction alopecia - Lichen planopilaris - Trichorrhexis nodosa
other follicular disorders: Hypertrichosis (Hirsutism) - Acne vulgaris - Rosacea (Perioral dermatitis, Rhinophyma) - follicular cysts (Epidermoid cyst, Sebaceous cyst, Steatocystoma multiplex) - Pseudofolliculitis barbae - Hidradenitis suppurativa
sweat disorders: eccrine (Miliaria, Anhidrosis) - apocrine (Body odor, Chromhidrosis, Fox-Fordyce disease)
|Other||pigmentation (Vitiligo, Melasma, Freckle, Café au lait spot, Lentigo/Liver spot) - Seborrheic keratosis - Acanthosis nigricans - Callus - Pyoderma gangrenosum - Bedsore - Keloid - Granuloma annulare - Necrobiosis lipoidica - Granuloma faciale - Lupus erythematosus - Morphea - Calcinosis cutis - Sclerodactyly - Ainhum - Livedoid vasculitis|
|see also congenital (Q80-Q84, 757)|