Classification & external resources
Pinta is a human skin disease endemic to Mexico, Central America, and South America. It is caused by infection with a spirochete, Treponema carateum, which is morphologically and serologically indistinguishable from the organism that causes syphilis.
Additional recommended knowledge
Pinta initially presents as a raised papule, followed by a generalized eruption of flat, reddened areas, and is followed by the development of bluish coloration and a subsequent loss of pigmentation. Unlike syphilis, it is transmitted by nonsexual skin contact, often between children living in conditions of poor hygiene.
The disease can be treated with penicillin, tetracycline, or chloramphenicol, and can be prevented through contact tracing by public health officials.
|Bacterial diseases (primarily A00-A79, 001-041,080-109)|
|G+/Firmicutes||Clostridium (Pseudomembranous colitis, Botulism, Tetanus, Gas gangrene) - Streptococcus A and B (Scarlet fever, Erysipelas) - Staphylococcus (Toxic shock syndrome) - Bacilli (Anthrax, Listeriosis)|
|G+/Actinobacteria||Mycobacterium: Tuberculosis (Ghon focus, Ghon's complex, Tuberculous meningitis, Pott's disease, Scrofula, Bazin disease, Lupus vulgaris, Miliary tuberculosis) - Leprosy - Lady Windermere syndrome - Buruli ulcer -|
Actinomycetales: Actinomycosis - Nocardiosis - Diphtheria - Erythrasma
|G-/Spirochetal||Syphilis (Bejel) - Yaws - Pinta - Relapsing fever - Noma - Trench mouth - Lyme disease - Rat-bite fever (Sodoku) - Leptospirosis|
|G-/Chlamydiae||Chlamydophila (Psittacosis) - Chlamydia (Chlamydia, Lymphogranuloma venereum, Trachoma)|
|G-/α Proteobacteria||Rickettsioses (Typhus, Scrub typhus, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Boutonneuse fever, Q fever, Trench fever, Rickettsialpox) - Brucellosis - Cat scratch fever Bartonellosis (Bacillary angiomatosis)|
|G-/β&γ Proteobacteria||Salmonella (Typhoid fever, Paratyphoid fever, Salmonellosis) - other intestinal (Cholera, Shigellosis) - Zoonotic (Bubonic plague, Tularemia, Glanders, Melioidosis, Pasteurellosis) - Other: Pertussis - Meningococcus (Meningococcemia, Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome) - Legionellosis - Brazilian purpuric fever - Chancroid - Donovanosis - Gonorrhea|