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Lateral sulcus

Brain: Lateral sulcus
Lateral sulcus
Base of brain. (Lateral fissure visible at top left.)
Latin sulcus lateralis
Gray's subject #189 819
NeuroNames hier-30

The lateral sulcus (also called Sylvian fissure or lateral fissure) is one of the most prominent structures of the human brain. It divides the frontal lobe and parietal lobe above from the temporal lobe below. It is in both hemispheres of the brain but is longer in the left hemisphere. The lateral sulcus is one the earliest-developing sulci of the human brain. It first appears around the fourteenth gestational week.[1]

The lateral sulcus has a number of side branches. Two of the most prominent and most regularly found are the ascending (also called vertical) ramus and the horizontal ramus of the lateral fissure, which subdivide the inferior frontal gyrus. The lateral sulcus also contains the transverse temporal gyri, which is part of the primary localized auditory cortex.

It was named the sylvian fissure after Franciscus Sylvius (1614-1672), professor of medicine at Leiden University.


  1. ^ Jee G. Chi, Elizabeth C. Dooling, Floyd H. Gilles (January 1977). "Gyral development of the human brain". Annals of Neurology 1 (1): 86-93. doi:10.1002/ana.410010109.

Additional images


  • The peri-sylvian aphasias
  • sylvian fissure
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Lateral_sulcus". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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