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Iridocyclitis



Iridocyclitis
Classification & external resources
ICD-10 H20
ICD-9 364.0

Iridocyclitis, a type of anterior uveitis, is a condition in which the uvea of the eye suffers inflammation.

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Symptoms

Symptoms include:

Causes

Iridocyclitis is usually caused by direct exposure of the eyes to chemicals, particularly lacrimators, but can also be caused by ocular viral infection such as herpes zoster (i.e. herpetic iridocyclitis).

Types

There are six classifications of iridocyclitis.

Acute or Chronic

  • Acute: sudden symptomatic onset, lasting no more than six weeks.

Exogenous or Endogenous

  • Exogenous: related to external damage to the uvea or invasion of external microbes.
  • Endogenous: related to internal microbes.

Granulomatous or Non-granulomatous

  • Granulomatous: accompanied by large keratotic precipitates.
  • Non-granulomatous: accompanied by smaller keratotic precipitates.

Treatment

It can be effectively treated with tropane alkaloids or steroids.

To immobilize the iris and decrease pain, one may find tropane alkaloids effective, particularly scopolamine and atropine in .25% and 1% concentrations respectively. Topical steroids may be used to decrease inflammation, particularly prednisolone and dexamethasone.

See also

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Iridocyclitis". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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