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Tourettism



Tourettism refers to the presence of Tourette-like symptoms in the absence of Tourette syndrome, as the result of other diseases or conditions, known as "secondary causes".

Tourette syndrome (TS) is an inherited neurological condition of multiple motor and at least one vocal tic. Although Tourette syndrome is the most common cause of tic disorders,[1] other sporadic, genetic, and neurodegenerative disorders may also exhibit tics.[2]

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Tic mimickers

Genetic/chromosomal

Infectious or post-infectious

Developmental

Toxins/insults/acquired

Drugs

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Jankovic J, Mejia NI. Tics associated with other disorders. Adv Neurol. 2006;99:61-8. PMID 16536352
  2. ^ Mejia NI, Jankovic J. Secondary tics and tourettism. Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2005;27(1):11-17. PMID 15867978 Full-text PDF
  3. ^ Bharucha KJ, Sethi KD. "Tardive tourettism after exposure to neuroleptic therapy." Mov Disord. 1995 Nov;10(6):791-3. PMID 8749999
  4. ^ eMedicine article on Tardive dyskinesia Full article

References

  • Bagheri M, Kerbeshian J, Burd L (1999). "Recognition and management of Tourette's syndrome and tic disorders". Am Fam Physician 59 (8): 2263-72, 2274. PMID 10221310. Full text
  • Black, Kevin J. Tourette Syndrome and Other Tic Disorders. eMedicine.com March 22, 2006.
  • Evidente, GH. "Is it a tic or Tourette's? Clues for differentiating simple from more complex tic disorders." PostGraduate Medicine Online. October 2000 108:5.
  • Jankovic J, Mejia NI. Tics associated with other disorders. Adv Neurol. 2006;99:61-8. PMID 16536352
  • Mejia NI, Jankovic J. Secondary tics and tourettism. Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2005;27(1):11-17. PMID 15867978 Full-text PDF
  • eMedicine article on Tardive dyskinesia Full article
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Tourettism". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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