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Anagrelide



Anagrelide
Systematic (IUPAC) name
6,7-dichloro-1,5-dihydroimidazo
(2,1-b)quinazolin-2(3H)-one
Identifiers
CAS number 68475-42-3
ATC code L01XX35
PubChem 2182
DrugBank APRD00798
Chemical data
Formula C10H7Cl2N3O 
Mol. mass 256.088 g/mol
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability  ?
Metabolism  ?
Half life 1.3 hours
Excretion  ?
Therapeutic considerations
Pregnancy cat.

?

Legal status

Prescription only

Routes Oral

Anagrelide (Agrylin®/Xagrid®, Shire) is a drug used for the treatment of essential thrombocytosis (ET; essential thrombocythemia). It also has been used in the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia. [1]

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Mechanism

It works by inhibiting the maturation of megakaryocytes into platelets.[2] The exact mechanism of action is unclear, although it is known to be a potent (IC50 = 36nM) inhibitor of phosphodiesterase-III.

Uses

According to a 2005 Medical Research Council randomized trial, the combination of hydroxyurea with aspirin is superior to the combination of anagrelide and aspirin for the initial management of ET. The hydroxyurea arm had a lower likelihood of myelofibrosis, arterial thrombosis, and bleeding, but it had a slightly higher rate of venous thrombosis.[3]

Side-effects

Common side effects are headache, diarrhea, unusual weakness, nausea and dizziness.

References

  1. ^ Voglová J, Maisnar V, Beránek M, Chrobák L (2006). "[Combination of imatinib and anagrelide in treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia in blastic phase]" (in Czech). Vnitr̆ní lékar̆ství 52 (9): 819-22. PMID 17091608.
  2. ^ Petrides PE (2006). "Anagrelide: what was new in 2004 and 2005?". Semin. Thromb. Hemost. 32 (4 Pt 2): 399-408. doi:10.1055/s-2006-942760. PMID 16810615.
  3. ^ Harrison CN, Campbell PJ, Buck G, Wheatley K, East CL, Bareford D, Wilkins BS, van der Walt JD, Reilly JT, Grigg AP, Revell P, Woodcock BE, Green AR; United Kingdom Medical Research Council Primary Thrombocythemia 1 Study. Hydroxyurea compared with anagrelide in high-risk essential thrombocythemia. N Engl J Med 2005;353:33-45. PMID 16000354.
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Anagrelide". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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