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Alveolar process of maxilla

Bone: Alveolar process
Left maxilla. Outer surface. (Alveolar process visible at bottom.)
Cartilages of the nose, seen from below. (Alveolar process of maxilla visible at bottom.
Latin processus alveolaris maxillae
Gray's subject #38 161
Dorlands/Elsevier p_34/12667282

The alveolar process is the thickened ridge of bone that contains the tooth sockets on bones that bear teeth. It is also referred to as the alveolar bone. In humans, the tooth-bearing bones are the maxilla and the mandible.

On the maxilla, the alveolar process is a ridge on the inferior surface, and on the mandible it is a ridge on the superior surface. It makes up the thickest part of the maxilla.

The buccinator muscle attaches to the alveolar processes of both the maxilla and mandible.  

See also


  • Cate, A.R. Ten. Oral Histology: development, structure, and function. 5th ed. 1998. ISBN 0-8151-2952-1.
  • Gray, Henry. Anatomy of the Human Body. (1918). ISBN 1-58734-102-6
  • "Process, alveolar." Stedman's Medical Dictionary, 27th ed. (2000). ISBN 0-683-40007-X
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Alveolar_process_of_maxilla". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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