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The serine hydrolase superfamily is one of the largest known enzyme families comprising approximately 1% of the genes in the human genome. This family includes:
Additional recommended knowledge
all of these enzymes share a catalytic mechanism that involves a
catalytic triad consisting of a serine nucleophile that is activated by a proton relay involving an acidic residue (e.g. aspartate or glutamate) and a basic residue (usually histidine) although variations on this mechanism exist.
Hydrolase: esterases ( EC 3.1) 3.1.1: Carboxylic ester hydrolases Cholinesterase - Pectinesterase - 6-phosphogluconolactonase - PAF acetylhydrolase
Phospholipase (A1, A2, B)
Lipase (Gastric/Lingual, Pancreatic, Lysosomal, Hormone-sensitive, Endothelial, Hepatic, Lipoprotein, Monoacylglycerol, Diacylglycerol)
3.1.2: Thioesterase Palmitoyl thioesterase - Ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1 3.1.3: Phosphatase Alkaline phosphatase - Acid phosphatase (Prostatic)/ Tartrate resistant acid phosphatase/ Purple acid phosphatases - Nucleotidase - Glucose 6-phosphatase - Fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase -
Calcineurin - Phosphoprotein phosphatase ( PP2A) - OCRL - Pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase - Fructose 2,6-bisphosphatase - Protein tyrosine phosphatase - PTEN 3.1.4: Phosphodiesterase Autotaxin - Phospholipase ( C, D) - Sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase - PDE1 - PDE2 - PDE3 - PDE5 3.1.6: Sulfatase Arylsulfatase B - Steroid sulfatase - Galactosamine-6 sulfatase - Arylsulfatase A - Iduronate-2-sulfatase - N-acetylglucosamine-6-sulfatase other Nuclease
This article is licensed under the
GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Serine_hydrolase". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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