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Autotaxin, Ectonucleotide phosphatase/phosphodiesterase 2, Phosphodiesterase-Ialpha, lysophospholipase D
Symbol ATX
Alt. Symbols ENPP2, NPP2, PDNP2, PD-Ia, LysoPLD
Entrez 5168
HUGO 3357
OMIM 601060
RefSeq NM_006209
UniProt Q13822
Other data
EC number,
Locus Chr. 8 q24.1{{{LocusSupplementaryData}}}

Autotaxin, also known as ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 2 (NPP2 or ENPP2), is a secreted enzyme important for generating the lipid signaling molecule lysophosphatidic acid (LPA). Autotaxin has lysophospholipase D activity that converts lysophosphatidylcholine into LPA.

Autotaxin was originally identified as a tumor cell-motility-stimulating factor; later it was shown to be LPA (which signals through Lysophospholipid receptors), the lipid product of the reaction catalyzed by autotaxin, which is responsible for its effects on cell-proliferation.

See also


  • Tokumura A, Majima E, Kariya Y, Tominaga K, Kogure K, Yasuda K, Fukuzawa K (2002). "Identification of human plasma lysophospholipase D, a lysophosphatidic acid-producing enzyme, as autotaxin, a multifunctional phosphodiesterase". J. Biol. Chem. 277 (42): 39436-42. PMID 12176993.
  • Umezu-Goto M, Kishi Y, Taira A, Hama K, Dohmae N, Takio K, Yamori T, Mills GB, Inoue K, Aoki J, Arai H (2002). "Autotaxin has lysophospholipase D activity leading to tumor cell growth and motility by lysophosphatidic acid production". J. Cell Biol. 158 (2): 227-33. PMID 12119361.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Autotaxin". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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