Classification & external resources
Pes cavus is a medical term for a cavus deformity of the foot due to a fixed plantar flexion of the foot. There is a high arched foot - it is the opposite of flat feet.
Additional recommended knowledge
It is much less common than flat feet and the cause may be neurological, orthopedic or neuromuscular.
Unlike most cases of flat feet, pes cavus can be painful because of metatarsal compression.
People with pes cavus have trouble finding shoes that fit and may require support in their shoes.
Surgical treatment is only indicated if there is severe pain as the operations available may be difficult.
|Congenital malformations and deformations of musculoskeletal system (Q65-Q79, 754-756)|
|Limbs||hip: Dislocation of hip/Hip dysplasia
feet (Club foot, Flat feet, Pes cavus)
head, face, spine and chest: skull, face and jaw (Dolichocephaly, Plagiocephaly) - Scoliosis - chest (Pectus excavatum, Pectus carinatum)
Polydactyly/Syndactyly (Webbed toes)
reduction deficits (Ectrodactyly, Amelia, Phocomelia)
upper limb (Cleidocranial dysostosis, Madelung's deformity, Sprengel's deformity)
knee (Genu valgum, Genu varum)
|Skull and face bones||Craniosynostosis (Scaphocephaly) - Trigonocephaly - Oxycephaly - Crouzon syndrome - Hypertelorism - Macrocephaly - Treacher Collins syndrome - Platybasia|
|Spine and bony thorax||Klippel-Feil syndrome - Spondylolisthesis - Cervical rib - Bifid rib|
|Osteochondrodysplasia||growth of tubular bones and spine: Achondrogenesis - Thanatophoric dysplasia - Short rib-polydactyly syndrome - Chondrodysplasia punctata (Rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata, Conradi-Hünermann syndrome), Achondroplasia (Hypochondroplasia, Osteosclerosis congenita) - Ellis-van Creveld syndrome - Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congenita|
Osteogenesis imperfecta - McCune-Albright syndrome - Osteopetrosis - Metaphyseal dysplasia - Hereditary multiple exostoses - Osteopoikilosis - Chondrodystrophy - Osteodystrophy
|Other||abdominal wall (Congenital diaphragmatic hernia, Omphalocele, Gastroschisis, Prune belly syndrome) - Ehlers-Danlos syndrome|
|See also non-congenital conditions (M, 710-739)|