The McDonald criteria are diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis. In April 2001 an international panel in association with the National Multiple Sclerosis Society (NMSS) of America recommended revised diagnostic criteria for ms. They make use of advances in MRI imaging techniques and are intended to replace the Poser criteria and the older Schumacher criteria. The new criteria facilitate the diagnosis of MS in patients who present with signs and symptoms suggestive of the disease. These include monosymptomatic disease, disease with a typical relapsing-remitting course or insidious progression but no clear attacks and remissions.
Dissemination in space by demonstrated by: * MRI * or positive CSF and 2 or more MRI lesions consistent with MS and Dissemination in time demonstrated by: * MRI * or second clinical attack
Insidious neurological progression suggestive of MS (primary progressive MS)
Positive CSF and Dissemination in space demonstrated by: * MRI evidence of 9 or more T2 brain lesions * or 2 or more spinal cord lesions * or 4-8 brain and 1 spinal cord lesion * or positive VEP with 4-8 MRI lesions * or positive VEP with <4 brain lesions plus 1 spinal cord lesion and Dissemination in time demonstrated by: * MRI * or continued progression for 1 year
McDonald WI, Compston A, Edan G, Goodkin D, Hartung HP, Lublin FD, McFarland HF, Paty DW, Polman CH, Reingold SC, Sandberg-Wollheim M, Sibley W, Thompson A, van den Noort S, Weinshenker BY, Wolinsky JS (2001). "Recommended diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis: guidelines from the International Panel on the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis.". Ann Neurol50 (1): 121-7. PMID 11456302.
Polman CH, Reingold SC, Edan G, Filippi M, Hartung HP, Kappos L, Lublin FD, Metz LM, McFarland HF, O'Connor PW, Sandberg-Wollheim M, Thompson AJ, Weinshenker BG, Wolinsky JS (2005). "Diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis: 2005 revisions to the "McDonald Criteria"". Ann Neurol58 (6): 840-6. PMID 16283615.