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Complex partial status epilepticus



Complex partial status epilepticus
Classification & external resources
ICD-10 G41.2
eMedicine neuro/114 
MeSH D013226

Complex Partial Status Epilepticus (CPSE) is one of the non-convulsive forms of Status epilepticus, a rare form of epilepsy defined by its recurrent nature. CPSE is characterized by seizures involving long-lasting stupor, staring and unresponsiveness.[1] Sometimes this is accompanied by motor automatisms, such as eye twitching.[2]

Additional recommended knowledge

Diagnosis

As is the case with other non-convulsive status epilepticus forms, CPSE is dangerously underdiagnosed.[3] This is due to the potentially fatal yet veiled nature of the symptoms. Usually, an Electroencephalogram, or EEG, is needed to confirm a neurologist's suspicions. The EEG is also needed to differentiate between absence status epilepticus (which affects the entire brain), and CPSE, which only affects one region.[4]

Treatment

Treatment is in the form of anti-epileptic drugs, such as barbituates, benzodiazepines and topiramate.

References

  1. ^ neuro/114 at eMedicine
  2. ^ Fernández-Torre JL, Gutiérrez-Pérez R, Velasco-Zarzosa M (2003). "Non-convulsive status epilepticus" (in Spanish; Castilian). Revista de neurologia 37 (8): 744-52. PMID 14593634.
  3. ^ Murthy JM (2003). "Nonconvulsive status epilepticus: An under diagnosed and potentially treatable condition". Neurology India 51 (4): 453-4.
  4. ^ Husain AM, Horn GJ, Jacobson MP (2003). "Non-convulsive status epilepticus: usefulness of clinical features in selecting patients for urgent EEG". J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr. 74 (2): 189-91. PMID 12531946.
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Complex_partial_status_epilepticus". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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