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Neuropsychological test



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Arthur L. Benton• David Bohm
António DamásioKenneth Heilman
Phineas Gage • Norman Geschwind
Elkhonon Goldberg • Donald Hebb
Alexander Luria • Muriel D. Lezak •
Brenda MilnerKarl Pribram
Oliver SacksRoger Sperry• H.M.


Bender-Gestalt Test
Benton Visual Retention Test
Clinical Dementia Rating
Continuous Performance Task
Glasgow Coma Scale
Hayling and Brixton tests
Lexical decision task
Mini-mental state examination
Stroop effect
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale
Wisconsin card sorting task

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Neuropsychological tests are specifically designed tasks used to measure a psychological function known to be linked to a particular brain structure or pathway. They usually involve the systematic administration of clearly defined procedures in a formal environment. Neuropsychological tests are typically administered to a single person working with an examiner in a quiet office environment, free from distractions. As such, it can be argued that neuropsychological tests at times offer an estimate of a person's peak level of cognitive performance. Neuropsychological tests are a core component of the process of conducting neuropsychological assessment.

Most neuropsychological tests in current use are based on traditional psychometric theory. In this model, a person's raw score on a test is compared to a large general population normative sample, that should ideally be drawn from a comparable population to the person being examined. Normative studies frequently provide data stratified by age, level of education, and/or ethnicity, where such factors have been shown by research to affect performance on a particular test. This allows for a person's performance to be compared to a suitable control group, and thus provide a fair assessment of their current cognitive functioning.

One popular test battery is the Halstead-Reitan Test Battery. The following list includes tests from it, and other commonly-used tests.

List of neuropsychological tests

  • California Verbal Learning Test
  • Controlled word association task (COWAT or FAS)
  • Continuous Performance Task (CPT)
  • Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System (D-KEFS)
  • Hayling and Brixton tests
  • Iowa gambling task
  • Lexical decision task
  • Memory Assessment Scales (MAS)
  • Mini mental state examination (MMSE)
  • Neuropsychological Assessment Battery (NAB)
  • Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT)
  • Rey-Osterreith Complex Figure
  • Stanford-Binet IQ test
  • Stroop task
  • Test of Variables of Attention (TOVA®)
  • Tower of London Test
  • Trail-Making Test (TMT) or Trails A & B
  • Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS IQ test)
  • Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS)
  • Wisconsin card sorting task (WCST)

See also

  • Clinical neuropsychology
  • Neurocognitive
  • Neuroimaging
  • Psychological testing
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Neuropsychological_test". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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