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Medical literature


Medical literature refers to articles in journals and texts in books devoted to the field of medicine.

Contemporary and historic views regarding diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of medical conditions have been documented for thousands of years. The Edwin Smith Papyrus is the first known medical treatise. Initially most described inflictions related to warfare. This was because war was the most important part of society and it was the most common way of contracting health problems.




Main article: History of medicine
Further information: Al-TasrifThe Canon of Medicine, and Huangdi Neijing

Throughout history people have written about diseases, how human beings might contract them and what could be done to remedy it. Medicine ranged from folklore, withcraft to the current Evidence-based medicine.[1][2][3] Among the most notable descriptions are texts from Egypt (Imhotep, Edwin Smith Papyrus, Ebers Papyrus, Kahun Gynecological Papyrus),[4] Mesopotamia (Diagnostic Handbook, Alkindus, De Gradibus), India (Ayurveda, Sushruta Samhita, Charaka Samhita), China (Yellow Emperor, Huangdi Neijing), Greece (Iliad and Odyssey are the earliest sources of Greek medical practise; Hippocratic medicine),[5] Persia (Rhazes, Avicenna, The Canon of Medicine, The Book of Healing), Spain (Abulcasis, Kitab al-Tasrif) and Syria (Ibn al-Nafis, Commentary on Anatomy in Avicenna's Canon, Comprehensive Book on Medicine).

Following Vesalius, William Harvey, Ignaz Semmelweis, Louis Pasteur, and others, the medical community have changed the way it conducts research. After incorporating the scientific method medical literature has introduced the so-called peer review, and is currently divided into journals and textbooks.

Medical journal

Main article: Medical journal

These are publications in which the medical community shares information. Articles are commonly either original articles or reviews.

  1. Original articles describe randomized controlled trials which are submitted for peer review following the scientific method.
  2. Reviews are an overview of one particular topic in order to refresh the readers' memory.

When looking for specific information in any journal one can use the National Library of Medicine's PubMed database. Examples of journals are:

Medical textbooks

After consensus has been reached it is incorporated in textbooks. There are textbooks on every medical specialty and they contain comprehensive discussion on all diseases and their diagnosis, therapy and prognosis. Examples are:

  • Cecil Textbook of Medicine[6]
  • Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine[7]
  • The Oxford Textbook of Medicine[8]


Most prominent journals and textbooks are currently available on-line or via CD-Rom.

See also


  1. ^ Medicine in Ancient and Medieval Times
  3. ^ Asclepion, a World Wide Web page devoted to the study of ancient medicine
  4. ^ Medicine in Ancient Egypt
  5. ^ Medicine in Ancient Greece
  6. ^ Cecil Textbook of Medicine
  7. ^ Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine
  8. ^ Oxford Textbook of Medicine
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Medical_literature". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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