To use all functions of this page, please activate cookies in your browser.
With an accout for my.bionity.com you can always see everything at a glance – and you can configure your own website and individual newsletter.
- My watch list
- My saved searches
- My saved topics
- My newsletter
The Charaka Samhita is an ancient Indian Ayurvedic text on internal medicine written by Charaka. It is believed to be the oldest of the three ancient treatises of Ayurveda. It is central to the modern-day practice of Ayurvedic medicine; and, along with the Sushruta Samhita it is now identified worldwide as an important early source of medical understanding and practice, independent of ancient Greece. 
Additional recommended knowledge
The text, written in Sanskrit, is the work of at least several authors and may represent the work of a school of thought. The term ‘Charaka’ (Caraka) is said to apply to ‘wandering scholars’ or ‘wandering physicians’; and ‘Samhita’ means ‘collected' or 'compendium’. The original source is identified as the Agnivesha Tantra based on the teachings of Punar-vasu; Charaka is said to have redacted this work; and later, another scholar Dridhabala extended it further. The work as extant dates to the Maurya period (roughly 3rd century BCE).
The text has 8 sections, totaling 120 chapters, starting with Sutrasthan which deals with fundamentals and basic principles of Ayurveda practice. Unique scientific contributions credited to the Charaka Samhita include:
"The Charaka (Vol I, Section xv) states these men should be, 'of good behavior, distinguished for purity, possessed of cleverness and skill, imbued with kindness, skilled in every service a patient may require, competent to cook food, skilled in bathing and washing the patient, rubbing and massaging the limbs, lifting and assisting him to walk about, well skilled in making and cleansing of beds, readying the patient and skillful in waiting upon one that is ailing and never unwilling to do anything that may be ordered.'" 
Menon, I A and H F Haberman, Dermatological writings of ancient India Medical History. 1969 October; 13(4): 387–392. seen at The Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine at University College London  June 1, 2006
The Caraka Samhita'- English Translation/ A.C. Kaviratna, P. Sharma, 5 Vols., Indian Medical Science Series, Sri Satguru Publications, Delhi
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Charaka_Samhita". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|