This is a
list of notable
Additional recommended knowledge
1901 Emil Adolf von Behring (1854-1917), "for his serum therapy to treat diphtheria" (First ever Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine)
1908 Eli Metchnikoff (1845-1916) and Paul Ehrlich (1854-1915), "for study of the immune system"
1919 Jules Bordet (1870-1916), "for discovery of the complement system in the immune system"
1930 Karl Landsteiner (1868-1943), "for discovery of human blood types"
1960 Peter B. Medawar (1915-1987) and Frank Macfarlane Burnet (1899-1985), "for the discovery that the immune system of the fetus learns how to distinguish between self and non-self"
1972 Gerald Maurice Edelman (1929-) and Rodney Robert Porter (1917-1985), "for discovering the chemical structure of antibodies"
1980 Baruj Benacerraf (1920-), Jean Dausset (1916-) and George Davis Snell (1903-1996), "for discovery of the Major histocompatibility complex genes which encode cell surface molecules important for the immune system's distinction between self and non-self"
1984 Niels Jerne (1911-1994), Georges J. F. Köhler (1946-1995) and César Milstein (1927-2002) "for work on the immune system and the production of monoclonal antibodies"
1987 Susumu Tonegawa (1939-), "for discovering how the large diversity of antibodies is produced genetically"
1989 J. Michael Bishop (1936-) and Harold E. Varmus (1939-), "for discovering the cellular origins of retroviral oncogenes"
1996 Peter C. Doherty (1940-) and Rolf M. Zinkernagel (1944-) "for describing how MHC molecules are used by white blood cells to detect and kill virus-infected cells."
Do not add names to this section unless there is also a biography available
Alan Aderem, innate immunity
Kiril Bratanov (1911-1986), pioneer in the area of immunology of reproduction
William Coley (1862-1936), pioneer of cancer immunotherapy
Albert Coons (1912–1978), developed immunofluorescent techniques for labelling antibodies
Eva Engvall, one of the scientists who invented ELISA in 1971.
Denise Faustman Type 1 diabetes
Ian Frazer development of a cervical cancer vaccine
Samuel O. Freedman discovered Carcinoembryonic antigen
Jules T. Freund (1890-1960)
Waldemar Haffkine (1860-1930), was the first microbiologist who developed and used vaccines against cholera and bubonic plague.
Michael Heidelberger (1888–1991), showed that antibodies are proteins.
Miroslav Holub (1923-1998)
Charles Janeway (1943-2003), wrote the standard textbook Immunobiology
Tak Wah Mak
Polly Matzinger, immunological tolerance, Danger Model, Hyppo Model
Fred Rosen (1930-2005), discovered, the cause of X-linked hyper IgM syndrome.
Richard R. Rosenthal
David Talmage clonal selection theory
Alexander S. Wiener (1907-1976)
Don Wiley (1944-2001), crystallography of HLA proteins
Ian Wilson (biologist)
Ernst Witebsky (1901-1969), isolation and partial characterization of A and B blood antigens
Immunologists in Popular Culture
Dr Allison Cameron, a character on the television show House M.D.
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