Vein: Hepatic vein
Posterior abdominal wall, after removal of the peritoneum, showing kidneys, suprarenal capsules, and great vessels. (Hepatic veins labeled at center top.)
Superior vena cava,
inferior vena cava (IVC), azygos vein and their tributaries. The hepatic veins are seen on the superior portion of the IVC, shortly before it flows into the right atrium, which is not shown.
Gray's subject #173 680
inferior vena cava
Precursor vitelline veins
human anatomy, the hepatic veins are the blood vessels that drain de-oxygenated blood from the liver and blood cleaned by the liver (from the stomach, pancreas, small intestine and colon) into the inferior vena cava.
They arise from the substance of the liver, more specifically the central vein of the liver lobule. Hepatic veins contain a higher concentration of oxygen than the hepatic artery
None of the hepatic veins have valves.
Additional recommended knowledge
They can be differentiated into two groups, the
upper group and lower group.
The upper group typically arises from the posterior aspect of the liver, are three in number, and drain the quadrate lobe and left lobe.
The lower group arise from the right lobe and caudate lobe, are variable in number, and are typically smaller than those in the upper group.
Occlusion of the hepatic
veins is known as Budd-Chiari syndrome.
Images of the hepatic veins
Hepatic veins - Ultrasound - University of the Health Sciences in Bethesda, Maryland
3-D reconstruction of the liver anatomy (for transplantation) - MeVis Distant Services
Hepatic veins - CT angiogram - Contrast Techniques for Hepatic Multidetector CT Angiography - Havard Medical School.
Cross section at UV pembody/body8a
Veins of the torso Coronary coronary sinus (great cardiac, left marginal, small cardiac, middle cardiac, posterior of the left ventricle, oblique of the left atrium) • anterior cardiac (right marginal) • pulmonary Thorax/ SVC brachiocephalic: inferior thyroid - thymic - internal thoracic (anterior intercostal, superior epigastric) - left superior intercostal - supreme - vertebral - internal jugular - subclavian (axillary: lateral thoracic, thoracoepigastric) - pericardiacophrenic
azygos: right superior intercostal - bronchial - intercostal/posterior intercostal 5-11 - accessory hemiazygos/ hemiazygos - superior phrenic Vertebral column vertebral venous plexuses (external, internal) • spinal (posterior, anterior) • basivertebral • intervertebral Abdomen/ IVC to IVC (some to renal vein on left): inferior phrenic - hepatic - suprarenal - renal - gonadal (ovarian ♀/testicular ♂, pampiniform plexus ♂) - lumbar - common iliac to azygos system: ascending lumbar (subcostal) Pelvis/ common iliac median sacral vein
inferior epigastric - deep circumflex iliac vein external iliac:
internal iliac - posterior: iliolumbar - superior gluteal - lateral sacral
internal iliac - anterior: inferior gluteal - obturator - uterine ♀ (uterine plexus ♀) - vesical (vesical plexus, prostatic plexus ♂, deep of penis ♂/clitoris ♀, posterior scrotal ♂/labial ♀) - vaginal plexus/vein ♀ - middle rectal - internal pudendal (inferior rectal, bulb of penis ♂/vestibule ♀) - rectal plexus Portal system/ portal vein short gastric - left gastroepiploic - pancreatic - splenic: inferior mesenteric (superior rectal, left colic)
right gastroepiploic - pancreaticoduodenal - jejunal - ileal - middle colic - right colic - ileocolic (appendicular)
superior mesenteric: direct (cystic, left gastric/esophageal, right gastric, paraumbilical) fetal ductus venosus • umbilical