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Bartholin's gland

Bartholin's gland
Genital organs of female.
1 - vaginal opening
2 - Bartholin's glands
3 - bulbus vestibuli
4 - vagina
5 - uterus (womb)
6 - ovaries
7 - Fallopian tubes
8 - bladder
9 - clitoris
Latin glandula vestibularis major
Gray's subject #270 1266
Artery external pudendal artery[1]
Nerve ilioinguinal nerve [1]
Lymph superficial inguinal lymph nodes
Precursor Urogenital sinus
MeSH Bartholin's+Glands
Dorlands/Elsevier g_06/12392850

The Bartholin's glands (also called Bartholin glands or greater vestibular glands) are two glands located slightly below and to the left and right of the opening of the vagina in women. They secrete mucus to provide lubrication.[2][3]

Bartholin's glands are homologous to Cowper's glands in males. However, while Bartholin's glands are located in the superficial perineal pouch, Cowper's glands are located in the deep perineal pouch.



They were first described in the 17th century, by the Danish anatomist Caspar Bartholin the Younger (1655-1738). Some sources mistakenly ascribe their discovery to his grandfather, theologian and anatomist Caspar Bartholin the Elder (1585 - 1629).[4][5]


  1. ^ a b
  2. ^ Viscera of the Urogenital Triangle, University of Arkansas Medical School
  3. ^ Chrétien, F.C.; Berthou J. (Sept. 18, 2006). "Crystallographic investigation of the dried exudate of the major vestibular (Bartholin's) glands in women.". Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol.. PMID 16987591. Retrieved on 2007-07-23.
  4. ^ C. C. Gillispie (ed.): Dictionary of Scientific Biography, New York 1970. See the article on Thomas Bartholin.
  5. ^ synd/3320 at Who Named It

See also

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Bartholin's_gland". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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