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Auricular branch of vagus nerve



Nerve: Alderman's nerve
Plan of upper portions of glossopharyngeal, vagus, and accessory nerves. (Auricular labeled at top center.)
Latin ramus auricularis nervi vagi
Gray's subject #205 911
From vagus nerve
Dorlands/Elsevier r_02/12689015

The auricular branch of the vagus nerve is often termed the Alderman's nerve or Arnold's nerve. The latter name is an eponym for Friedrich Arnold.[1]

Additional recommended knowledge

Path

It arises from the jugular ganglion, and is joined soon after its origin by a filament from the petrous ganglion of the glossopharyngeal; it passes behind the internal jugular vein, and enters the mastoid canaliculus on the lateral wall of the jugular fossa.

Traversing the substance of the temporal bone, it crosses the facial canal about 4 mm. above the stylomastoid foramen, and here it gives off an ascending branch which joins the facial nerve.

The nerve reaches the surface by passing through the tympanomastoid fissure between the mastoid process and the tympanic part of the temporal bone, and divides into two branches:

  • one joins the posterior auricular nerve.
  • the other is distributed to the skin of the back of the auricula and to the posterior part of the external acoustic meatus.

Clinical significance

This nerve may be involved by the glomus jugulare tumour.

References

  1. ^ synd/258 at Who Named It

This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Auricular_branch_of_vagus_nerve". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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