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Situated along the perimeter of the adrenal gland, the adrenal cortex mediates the stress response through the production of mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids, including aldosterone and cortisol respectively. It is also a secondary site of androgen synthesis.
Additional recommended knowledge
The cortex can be divided into three distinct layers of tissue based on their organization.
Steps of hormone synthesis
The steps up to this point occur in many steroid-producing tissues. Subsequent steps, however, only occur in the adrenal cortex:
The layers of the cortex can be remembered with the mnemonic GFR: G - glomerulosa, F - fasciculata, R - reticularis.
Another mnemonic that is used is Go Find Rex, Make Good Sex: G - glomerulosa, F - fasciculata, R - reticularis, M - mineralcorticoids, G - glucocorticoids, S - sex hormones. (This mnemonic simplifies the relationship between the locations of production of glucocorticoids and sex hormones.)
Another mnemonic is "Salt, Sugar, Sex: The deeper you go, the sweeter it gets." As one moves layers into the adrenal cortex, compounds that control salt (mineralcorticoids), sugar (glucocorticoids), and sex (weak androgens) are produced.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Adrenal_cortex". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|