Artery: Splenic artery
The visceral surface of the spleen.
Branches of the
celiac artery. ( Lienal artery is an old term for splenic artery, and is visible at center. The spleen is at center right. The stomach has been flipped out to reveal the splenic artery, so the greater curvature is at the top in this diagram.)
arteria splenica, arteria lienalis
subject #154 605
Pancreatic branches Pancreatica magna Left gastro-omental Short gastric Trabecular arteries
anatomy, the splenic artery (in the past called the lienal artery) is the blood vessel that supplies oxygenated blood to the spleen. It branches from the celiac artery, and follows a course superior to the pancreas.
The splenic artery gives off branches to the
stomach and pancreas before reaching the spleen.
branch to the pancreas Multiple branches serving the pancreas. The largest is the arteria pancreatica magna
short gastric upper part of greater curvature of the stomach
left gastroepiploic middle of greater curvature of the stomach
Note that the branches of the splenic artery do not reach all the way to the lower part of the greater curvature of the stomach. Instead, that region is supplied by the right gastroepiploic artery, a branch of the
gastroduodenal artery. The two gastroepiploic arteries anastomose with each other at that point.
Along its course, it is accompanied by a similarly named vein, the
splenic vein, which drains into the portal vein.
aneurysms are rare , but still the third most common abdominal aneurysm  (after aneurysms of the  abdominal aorta and iliac arteries).
Abbas MA, Stone WM, Fowl RJ, Gloviczki P, Oldenburg WA, Pairolero PC, Hallett JW, Bower TC, Panneton JM, Cherry KJ Splenic artery aneurysms: two decades experience at Mayo clinic. Ann Vasc Surg. 2002 Jul;16(4):442-9. PMID 12089631
^ Jamsheer NS, Malik M, Ruptured splenic artery aneurysm, URL: http://www.kfshrc.edu.sa/annals/215_216/01-094.htm, Accessed July 30, 2005.
List of arteries of torso - abdomen AA: Anterior
inferior pancreaticoduodenal –
intestinal (jejunal, ileal, arcades, vasa recta) –
ileocolic (colic, anterior cecal, posterior cecal, ileal branch, appendicular) –
right colic –
left colic –
superior rectal –
visceral: middle suprarenal –
(inferior suprarenal, ureteral) –
gonadal (testicular ♂/ovarian ♀)
parietal: inferior phrenic
(superior suprarenal) –
terminal: common iliac ( IIA, EIA)
to ductus deferens) –
middle rectal –
obturator (anterior branch, posterior branch) - inferior gluteal (accompanying of ischiadic nerve, crucial anastomosis)
uterine ♀ (helicine, vaginal of uterine, ovarian of uterine, tubal of uterine) - vaginal ♀/inferior vesical ♂
internal pudendal: inferior rectal - perineal (urethral) - posterior scrotal ♂/labial ♀ - bulb of penis ♂/vestibule ♀ - deep artery of the penis ♂ (helicine)/clitoris ♀ - dorsal of the penis ♂/clitoris ♀
iliolumbar (lumbar, iliac) –
lateral sacral –
(cremasteric, round ligament) –
deep circumflex iliac – femoral