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Yasutomi Nishizuka



Yasutomi Nishizuka (1932-2004) is a Japanese biologist who found protein kinasse C (PKC) and made important contribution to the understanding of molecular mechanism of signal transduction across the cell membrane.

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Birth and education

Yasutomi Nishizuka was born in 1932 at Ashiya-city in Japan. He obtained his M.D. from Kyoto University, Faculty of Medicine in 1957. Then, he completed his PhD degree from Kyoto University in 1962. After completing his studies in Japan, he spent one year as a postdoctoral fellow in the Prof. Fritz Lipmann's laboratory at the Rockefeller University.

Academic career

From 1962 to 1964, he was the Research Associate at Department of Medical Chemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Kyoto University. From 1964 to 1968, he was an Associate Professor at Department of Medical Chemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Kyoto University.

From 1969 to 2004, was the professor and chairman of the Department of Biochemistry, Kobe University School of Medicine. He also served as the president of the Kobe University.

Research

Yasutomi Nishizuka is known for the construction of the fundamental concepts of intracellular signal transduction cascade through his discovery of "protein kinase C," also known as "C kinase," and his analysis of its function, which revealed a new intracellular signal transduction system and elucidated the regulatory mechanisms involved in many biological phenomena, including cancer cell growth.

Awards and honors

Yasutomi Nishizuka received several awards and honors in his life. Following are the awards received by Nishizuka. The major awards received by him are the Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research Award and the Wolf Prize in Medicine.

He won the Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research Award in 1989 for "his profound contributions to the understanding of signal transduction in cells, and for his discovery that carcinogens trigger cell growth by activating protein kinas C".[1]

He won the Wolf Prize in Medicine along with Michael J. Berridge of the University of Cambridge for "their discoveries concerning cellular transmembrane signalling involving phospholipids and calcium".[2]

The other major awards and honors received by Yasutomi Nishizuka are:

  • The Gairdner Foundation International Award (1988)
  • The Alfred P. Sloan Jr. Prize (1988)
  • The Kyoto Prize (1992)
  • The Schering Prize (1995)

References

  1. ^ 1989 Winners of the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research
  2. ^ The Wolf Prize in Medicine
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Yasutomi_Nishizuka". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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