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The ventral tegmentum or the ventral tegmental area (VTA) (tegmentum, Latin for covering) is part of the midbrain, lying close to the substantia nigra and the red nucleus.
Additional recommended knowledge
The ventral tegmentum is considered to be part of the pleasure system, or reward circuit, one of the major sources of incentive and behavioural motivation. Activities that produce pleasure tend to activate the ventral tegmentum, and psychostimulant drugs (such as cocaine) directly target this area. Hence, it is widely implicated in neurobiological theories of addiction.
It is also shown to process various types of emotion and security motivation, where it may also play a role in avoidance and fear-conditioning.
Presence of Gap Junctions
The VTA has been shown have have a large network of GABA neurons that are interconnected via Gap junctions.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Ventral_tegmentum". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|