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Tyrosol



Tyrosol
IUPAC name 4-(2-Hydroxyethyl)phenol
Other names p-Hydroxyphenethyl alcohol
2-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)ethanol
4-Hydroxyphenylethanol
Identifiers
CAS number 501-94-0
PubChem 10393
SMILES C1=CC(=CC=C1CCO)O
Properties
Molecular formula C8H10O2
Molar mass 138.164 g/mol
Melting point

91-92 °C

Boiling point

158 °C at 4 Torr

Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references

Tyrosol is a phenolic antioxidant present in a variety of natural sources. The principal source in the human diet is olive oil. Tyrosol is a derivative of phenethyl alcohol

Additional recommended knowledge

As an antioxidant, tyrosol can protect cells against injury due to oxidation.[1] Although it is not as potent as other antioxidants present in olive oil, its higher concentration and good bioavailability indicate that it may have an important overall effect.[2] This effect may contribute significantly to the health benefits of olive oil and, more generally, the Mediterranean diet.

See also

References

  1. ^ Giovannini C, Straface E, Modesti D, Coni E, Cantafora A, De Vincenzi M, Malorni W, Masella R (1999). "Tyrosol, the major olive oil biophenol, protects against oxidized-LDL-induced injury in Caco-2 cells". J. Nutr. 129 (7): 1269-77. PMID 10395586.
  2. ^ Miró-Casas E, Covas M, Fitó M, Farré-Albadalejo M, Marrugat J, de la Torre R (2003). "Tyrosol and hydroxytyrosol are absorbed from moderate and sustained doses of virgin olive oil in humans". European journal of clinical nutrition 57 (1): 186-90. PMID 12548315.
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Tyrosol". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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