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IUPAC name 4-(2-Hydroxylethyl)-1,2-benzenediol
Other names 3-Hydroxytyrosol, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylethanol
CAS number 10597-60-1
SMILES Oc1ccc(CCO)cc1O
Molecular formula C8H10O3
Molar mass 154.16 g/mol
Appearance Clear, colorless liquid
Solubility in water 5 g/100 ml (25°C)
MSDS External MSDS
Main hazards Irritant, flammable
Flash point 15°C
Related Compounds
Related alcohols ethanol, phenol, tyrosol
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references

Hydroxytyrosol is a phytochemical. It has antioxidant properties. After gallic acid, hydroxytyrosol is believed to be one of the most powerful antioxidants; it's capacity is double that of quercetin and more than 3 times that of epicatechin.

Hydroxytyrosol is found in olive oil in the form of its elenolic acid ester oleuropein and, especially after degradation, in its plain form. Both compounds, along with oleocanthal, are responsible for the bitter taste of extra virgin olive oil. The wastewaters generated during olive processing contain a high levels hydroxytyrosol, most of which can be recovered to produce hydroxytyrosol extracts.

Studies by Visioli et al (2000) showed that a low dose of hydroxytyrosol reduces the consequences of sidestream smoke-induced oxidative stress in rats.

See also


    This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Hydroxytyrosol". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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