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The palate (IPA: /ˈpælət/ or /ˈpælɪt/) is the roof of the mouth in humans and vertebrate animals. It separates the oral cavity from the nasal cavity. The palate is divided into two parts, the anterior bony hard palate, and the posterior fleshy soft palate or velum. The maxillary nerve branch of the trigeminal nerve (V) supplies sensory innervation to the palate.
Additional recommended knowledge
The name is Middle English and is probably derived from the Latin palatum or the Old French palat.
When functioning in conjunction with other parts of the mouth the palate produces certain sounds, particularly velar, palatal, palatalized, postalveolar, alveolo-palatal, and uvular consonants.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Palate". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|