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List of subjects in Gray's Anatomy: IV. Myology



Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

mechanics of muscle (Gray's s102)

Gray's page #361
  • unipennate
  • bipennate
Gray's page #362
  • origin
  • insertion
  • synergic muscles
  • fixation muscles
  • The Mechanics of Muscle
Gray's page #363
  • The Direction of the Muscle Pull
Gray's page #364
  • The Action of the Muscle Pull on the Tendon
  • The Strength of Muscles
Gray's page #365
  • absolute muscle strength
  • The Work Accomplished by Muscles
    • physiological cross-section
    • maximum shortening
    • position of the joint
Gray's page #368
  • The Action of Muscles on Joints
Gray's page #370
  • Levers

development of the muscles (Gray's s103)

Gray's page #371
Gray's page #372
  • The Myotomic Muscles
  • The Muscles of the Leg
  • The Muscles of the Head
Gray's page #373
Gray's page #374
Gray's page #375
  • Dobie's line (Kraus's membrane)
  • lines of Hensen
  • sarcomere
  • sarcous element
Gray's page #376
  • capillaries of striped muscle

tendons, aponeuroses, and fasciae (Gray's s104)

Gray's page #376
Gray's page #377
Gray's page #378

the fasciae and muscles of the head

the muscles of the scalp (Gray's s105)

Gray's page #378
Gray's page #379
  • Occipitalis
  • Frontalis
Gray's page #380
  • galea aponeurotica (epicranial aponeurosis)
  • Transversus nuchæ

the muscles of the eyelid (Gray's s106)

Gray's page #380
  • Levator palpebræ superioris
  • Orbicularis oculi (Orbicularis palpebrarum)
    • medial palpebral ligament
    • palpebral portion
    • orbital portion
    • lacrimal part (Tensor tarsi)
Gray's page #381
  • Orbicularis oculi (Orbicularis palpebrarum)
    • medial palpebral ligament (tendo oculi)
    • lateral palpebral raphé
  • Corrugator (Corrugator supercilii)

the muscles of the nose (Gray's s107)

Gray's page #382
  • Procerus (Pyramidalis nasi)
  • Nasalis (Compressor naris)
  • Depressor septi (Depressor alœ nasi)
  • Dilatator naris posterior
  • Dilatator naris anterior

the muscles of the mouth (Gray's s108)

Gray's page #382
  • muscles of the mouth
Gray's page #383
  • Quadratus labii superioris
    • angular head
    • infraorbital head
    • zygomatic head
  • Caninus (Levator anguli oris)
  • Zygomaticus (Zygomaticus major)
  • Mentalis (Levator menti)
  • Quadratus labii inferioris (Depressor labii inferioris; Quadratus menti)
  • Triangularis (Depressor anguli oris)
  • Transversus menti
Gray's page #384
  • Buccinator
  • suctorial pad
  • pterygomandibular raphé (pterygomandibular ligament)
  • Orbicularis oris
Gray's page #385
  • lateral band (m. incisivus labii superioris)
  • medial band (m. nasolabialis)
  • philtrum
  • m. incisivus labii inferioris
  • Risorius

the muscles of mastication (Gray's s109)

Gray's page #385
  • Parotideomasseteric fascia (masseteric fascia)
  • Masseter
Gray's page #386
  • Temporal fascia
  • Temporalis (Temporal muscle)
  • Pterygoideus externus (External pterygoid muscle)
Gray's page #387
  • Pterygoideus internus (Internal pterygoid muscle)

the fasciae and muscles of the anterolateral region of the neck

the superficial cervical muscle (Gray's s110)

Gray's page #387
  • Platysma

the lateral cervical muscles (Gray's s111)

Gray's page #388
  • Fascia colli (deep cervical fascia)
    • investing portion of the fascia
    • Above
      • parotideomasseteric fascia
      • stylomandibular ligament
      • sphenomandibular ligament
      • pterygospinous ligament
Gray's page #389
Gray's page #390
Gray's page #391

the supra- and infrahyoid muscles (Gray's s112)

suprahyoid muscles

Gray's page #391
Gray's page #392
Gray's page #393
  • Stylohyoid ligament (ligamentum stylohyoideus)
    • epihyal
  • Mylohyoideus (Mylohyoid muscle)
  • Geniohyoideus (Geniohyoid muscle)

infrahyoid muscles

Gray's page #393
  • Sternohyoideus (Sternohyoid muscle)
  • Sternothyreoideus (Sternothyroid muscle)
Gray's page #394

the anterior vertebral muscles (Gray's s113)

Gray's page #394
Gray's page #395
  • Longus capitis (Rectus capitis anticus major)
  • Rectus capitis anterior (Rectus capitis anticus minor)
  • Rectus capitis lateralis

the lateral vertebral muscles (Gray's s114)

Gray's page #396
  • Scalenus anterior (Scalenus anticus)
  • Scalenus medius
  • Scalenus posterior (Scalenus posticus)

the fasciae and muscles of the trunk

the deep muscles of the back (Gray's s115)

Gray's page #397
  • Lumbodorsal fascia (fascia lumbodorsalis; lumbar aponeurosis and vertebral fascia)
    • nuchal fascia
  • Splenius capitis
  • Splenius cervicis (Splenius colli)
  • Sacrospinalis (Erector spinæ)
Gray's page #399
  • Iliocostalis
    • Iliocostalis lumborum (Iliocostalis muscle; Sacrolumbalis muscle)
    • Iliocostalis dorsi (Musculus accessorius)
    • Iliocostalis cervicis (Cervicalis ascendens)
  • Longissimus
    • Longissimus dorsi
    • Longissimus cervicis (Transversalis cervicis)
    • Longissimus capitis (Trachelomastoid muscle)
  • Spinalis
    • Spinalis dorsi
Gray's page #400
  • Spinalis
    • Spinalis cervicis (Spinalis colli)
    • Spinalis capitis (Biventer cervicis)
  • Semispinalis
    • Semispinalis dorsi
    • Semispinalis cervicis (Semispinalis colli)
    • Semispinalis capitis (Complexus)
      • Spinalis capitis (Biventer cervicis)
  • Multifidus (Multifidus spinæ)
  • Rotatores (Rotatores spinæ)
  • Interspinales
Gray's page #401
  • Extensor coccygis
  • Intertransversarii (Intertransversales)
    • Intertransversarii anteriores
    • Intertransversarii posteriores
    • Intertransversarii laterales
    • Intertransversarii mediales

the suboccipital muscles (Gray's s116)

Gray's page #401
  • Rectus capitis posterior major (Rectus capitis posticus major)
  • Rectus capitis posterior minor (Rectus capitis posticus minor)
Gray's page #402

the muscles of the thorax (Gray's s117)

Gray's page #402
  • Intercostal fasciae
Gray's page #403
  • Intercostales (Intercostal muscles)
    • Intercostales externi (External intercostals)
      • anterior intercostal membranes
    • Intercostales interni (Internal intercostals)
      • posterior intercostal membranes
  • Subcostales (Infracostales)
  • Transversus thoracis (Triangularis sterni)
  • Levatores costarum
    • Levatores costarum breves
Gray's page #404
  • Levatores costarum
    • Levatores costarum longi
  • Serratus posterior superior (Serratus posticus superior)
  • Serratus posterior inferior (Serratus posticus inferior)
  • Diaphragm
  • Medial lumbocostal arch (arcus lumbocostalis medialis; internal arcuate ligament)
Gray's page #405
  • Lateral lumbocostal arch (arcus lumbocostalis lateralis; external arcuate ligament)
  • Crura
    • right crus
    • left crus
Gray's page #406
  • Central tendon
  • Openings in the Diaphragm
    • aortic hiatus
    • esophageal hiatus
    • vena caval foramen
    • lesser apertures
Gray's page #407

the muscles and fasciae of the abdomen (Gray's s118)

the anterolateral muscles

Gray's page #408
Gray's page #409
Gray's page #410
  • Obliquus externus abdominis (External or descending oblique muscle)
    • aponeurosis of the Obliquus externus abdominis
    • linea alba
    • inguinal ligament
    • lacunar ligament
    • reflected inguinal ligament
  • Subcutaneous inguinal ring (annulus inguinalis subcutaneus; external abdominal ring)
    • crura of the ring
      • inferior crus (external pillar)
      • superior crus (internal pillar)
  • Intercrural fibers (fibræ intercrurales; intercolumnar fibers)
Gray's page #411
  • Intercrural fibers (fibræ intercrurales; intercolumnar fibers)
    • intercrural fascia
    • external spermatic fascia
  • Inguinal ligament (ligamentum inguinale; Poupart’s ligament)
Gray's page #412
  • Lacunar ligament (ligamentum lacunare [Gimbernati]; Gimbernat’s ligament)
  • Reflected inguinal ligament (ligamentum inguinale reflexum; triangular fascia)
  • Ligament of Cooper
  • Obliquus internus abdominis (Internal or ascending oblique muscle)
Gray's page #413
Gray's page #414
  • Cremaster
    • cremasteric fascia
  • Transversus abdominis (Transversalis muscle)
  • inguinal aponeurotic falx (falx aponeurotica inguinalis; conjoined tendon of Internal oblique and Transversalis muscle)
Gray's page #415
  • inguinal aponeurotic falx (falx aponeurotica inguinalis; conjoined tendon of Internal oblique and Transversalis muscle)
    • interfoveolar ligament of Hesselbach
  • Rectus abdominis
Gray's page #416
Gray's page #417
  • Linea alba
    • adminiculum lineae albae
  • Lineae semilunares
Gray's page #418
  • Transversalis fascia
    • deep crural arch
  • abdominal inguinal ring (annulus inguinalis abdominis; internal or deep abdominal ring)
    • infundibuliform fascia
  • Inguinal canal (canalis inguinalis; spermatic canal)
  • Extraperitoneal connective tissue
Gray's page #419
  • Deep crural arch

the posterior muscles

Gray's page #419
  • Fascia covering the quadratus lumborum
Gray's page #420
  • Quadratus lumborum

the muscles and fasciae of the pelvis (Gray's s119)

Gray's page #420
  • pelvic diaphragm
  • Pelvic fascia
    • fascia of the Obturator internus
Gray's page #421
  • Pelvic fascia
    • fascia of the Obturator internus
      • Alcock's canal
    • fascia of the Piriformis
    • diaphragmatic part of the pelvic fascia
      • anal fascia
Gray's page #422
  • Pelvic fascia
    • tendinous arch or white line of the pelvic fascia
    • endopelvic part of the pelvic fascia
      • vesical layer
      • rectovesical layer
      • rectal layer
  • Levator ani
Gray's page #423
Gray's page #424

the muscles and fasciae of the perineum (Gray's s120)

The Muscles of the Anal Region

Gray's page #424
Gray's page #425
  • Deep fascia
  • Ischiorectal fossa (fossa ischiorectalis)
  • Corrugator cutis ani
  • Sphincter ani externus (External sphincter ani)
Gray's page #426
  • anococcygeal raphé
  • Sphincter ani internus (Internal sphincter ani)

The Muscles of the Urogenital Region in the Male

Gray's page #426
  • superficial layer of superficial fascia
  • deep layer of superficial fascia (fascia of Colles)
Gray's page #427
  • Central tendinous point of the perineum
  • Transversus perinæi superficialis (Transversus perinæi; Superficial transverse perineal muscle)
Gray's page #428
  • Bulbocavernosus (Ejaculator urinæ; Accelerator urinæ)
  • Ischiocavernosus (Erector penis)
  • Deep fascia
  • urogenital diaphragm (triangular ligament)
  • inferior fascia of the urogenital diaphragm
Gray's page #429

The Muscles of the Urogenital Region in the Female

Gray's page #430
  • Transversus perinæi superficialis (Transversus perinæi; Superficial transverse perineal muscle)
  • Bulbocavernosus (Sphincter vaginæ)
  • Ischiocavernosus (Erector clitoridis)
  • fascia of the urogenital diaphragm
Gray's page #431
  • Transversus perinæi profundus

the fascia and muscles of the upper extremity

the muscles connecting the upper extremity to the vertebral column (Gray's s121)

Gray's page #432
Gray's page #434
Gray's page #435
  • Levator scapulæ (Levator anguli scapulæ)

the muscles connecting the upper extremity to the anterior and lateral thoracic walls (Gray's s122)

Gray's page #435
Gray's page #436
  • Pectoral fascia
    • axillary fascia
    • suspensory ligament of the axilla
  • Pectoralis major
Gray's page #437
Gray's page #438

the muscles and fasciae of the shoulder (Gray's s123)

Gray's page #439
Gray's page #440
  • Subscapular fascia (fascia subscapularis)
  • Subscapularis
  • Supraspinatous fascia (fascia supraspinata)
  • Supraspinatus
Gray's page #441
  • Infraspinatous fascia (fascia infraspinata)
  • Infraspinatus
  • Teres minor
Gray's page #442
  • Teres major

the muscles and fasciae of the arm (Gray's s124)

Gray's page #442
  • Brachial fascia (fascia brachii; deep fascia of the arm)
  • lateral intermuscular septum
  • medial intermuscular septum
Gray's page #443
Gray's page #444
  • lacertus fibrosus (bicipital fascia)
  • Brachialis (Brachialis anticus)
  • Triceps brachii (Triceps; Triceps extensor cubiti)
  • tendon of the Triceps brachii
Gray's page #445
  • triangular space
  • quadrangular space
  • Variations
    • Subanconæus

the muscles and fasciae of the forearm (Gray's s125)

Gray's page #445
  • Antibrachial fascia (fascia antibrachii; deep fascia of the forearm)

The Volar Antibrachial Muscles: Superficial Group

Gray's page #446
Gray's page #447
Gray's page #448

The Volar Antibrachial Muscles: Deep Group

Gray's page #448
Gray's page #449
  • vincula tendina
  • vincula brevia
  • vincula longa
  • Flexor pollicis longus
  • Pronator quadratus

The Dorsal Antibrachial Muscles: Superficial group

Gray's page #451
Gray's page #452
Gray's page #454

The Dorsal Antibrachial Muscles: Deep Group

Gray's page #454
  • Supinator (Supinator brevis)
Gray's page #455
  • Abductor pollicis longus (Extensor oss. metacarpi pollicis)
  • Extensor pollicis brevis (Extensor primi internodii pollicis)
  • Extensor pollicis longus (Extensor secundi internodii pollicis)
Gray's page #456

the muscles and fasciae of the hand (Gray's s126)

Gray's page #456
  • thenar eminence
  • hypothenar eminence
  • Volar carpal ligament (ligamentum carpi volare)
  • Transverse carpal ligament (ligamentum carpi transversum; anterior annular ligament)
Gray's page #457
  • Mucous sheaths of wrist
Gray's page #458
  • Dorsal carpal ligament (ligamentum carpi dorsale; posterior annular ligament)
Gray's page #459
  • Mucous sheaths on back of wrist
Gray's page #460
  • Palmar aponeurosis (aponeurosis palmaris; palmar fascia)
Gray's page #461
  • Superficial transverse ligament of the fingers

The Lateral Volar Muscles

Gray's page #461
  • Abductor pollicis brevis (Abductor pollicis)
  • Opponens pollicis
  • Flexor pollicis brevis
  • first interosseous volaris
Gray's page #462

The Medial Volar Muscles

Gray's page #463
  • Palmaris brevis
  • Abductor digiti quinti (Abductor minimi digiti)
Gray's page #464
  • Flexor digiti quinti brevis (Flexor brevis minimi digiti)
  • Opponens digiti quinti (Opponens minimi digiti)

The Intermediate Muscles

Gray's page #464
  • Lumbricales
  • Interossei dorsales (Dorsal interossei)
  • Abductor indicis
Gray's page #465
  • Interossei volares (Palmar interossei)
  • Interosseus volaris primus

the muscles and fasciae of the lower extremity

the muscles and fasciae of the iliac region (Gray's s127)

Gray's page #465
  • The Muscles and Fasciæ of the Iliac region
Gray's page #466
  • Fascia Covering the Psoas and Iliacus
    • portion covering the Psoas
    • portions investing the Iliacus (fascia iliaca; iliac fascia)
    • iliopectineal fascia
Gray's page #467
  • Psoas major (Psoas magnus)
  • Psoas minor (Psoas parvus)
  • Iliacus

the muscles and fasciae of the thigh (Gray's s128)

The Anterior Femoral Muscles

Gray's page #468
Gray's page #469
  • Fossa ovalis (saphenous opening)
    • superficial portion of the fascia lata
      • falciform margin
        • superior cornu
        • inferior cornu
    • deep portion
Gray's page #470
  • Sartorius
  • Quadriceps femoris (Quadriceps extensor)
    • Rectus femoris
    • Vastus lateralis (Vastus externus)
Gray's page #471
  • Quadriceps femoris (Quadriceps extensor)
    • Vastus medialis (Vastus internus)
    • Vastus intermedius (Crureus)
  • tendons
    • prepatellar bursa
  • Articularis genu (Subcrureus)

The Medial Femoral Muscles

Gray's page #471
Gray's page #472
  • Pectineus
  • Adductores
    • Adductor longus
Gray's page #473

The Muscles of the Gluteal Region

Gray's page #474
Gray's page #475
Gray's page #476
  • Tensor fasciæ latæ (Tensor fasciæ femoris)
  • Piriformis
  • Obturator membrane
Gray's page #477
  • Obturator internus
  • Gemelli
    • Gemellus superior
    • Gemellus inferior
  • Quadratus femoris
  • Obturator externus
Gray's page #478

The Posterior Femoral Muscles (Hamstring Muscles)

Gray's page #479

the muscles and fasciae of the leg (Gray's s129)

The Anterior Crural Muscles

Gray's page #480
  • Deep fascia (fascia cruris)
    • anterior and posterior peroneal septa
    • deep transverse fascia of the leg
  • Tibialis anterior (Tibialis anticus)
    • Tibiofascialis anterior
Gray's page #481
  • Extensor hallucis longus (Extensor proprius hallucis)
    • Extensor ossis metatarsi hallucis
  • Extensor digitorum longus
Gray's page #482
  • Peronæus tertius

The Posterior Crural Muscles: Superficial group

Gray's page #482
Gray's page #483

The Posterior Crural Muscles: Deep group

Gray's page #483
  • Deep transverse fascia
Gray's page #484
  • Popliteus
Gray's page #485

The Lateral Crural Muscles

Gray's page #486
Gray's page #487
  • Peronæus brevis

the fasciae around the ankle (Gray's s130)

Gray's page #488
  • Transverse crural ligament (ligamentum transversum cruris; upper part of anterior annular ligament)
  • Cruciate crural ligament (ligamentum cruciatum cruris; lower part of anterior annular ligament)
Gray's page #489
  • Laciniate ligament (ligamentum laciniatum; internal annular ligament)
  • Peroneal retinacula
    • superior retinaculum (external annular ligament)
    • inferior retinaculum
  • Mucous sheaths of the Tendons Around the Ankle

the muscles and fasciae of the foot (Gray's s131)

Gray's page #490

The First Layer

Gray's page #491
  • Abductor hallucis
  • Flexor digitorum brevis
Gray's page #492
  • Abductor digiti quinti (Abductor minimi digiti)

The Second Layer

Gray's page #493
  • Quadratus plantæ (Flexor accessorius)
  • Lumbricales

The Third Layer

Gray's page #493
  • Flexor hallucis brevis
  • Adductor hallucis (Adductor obliquus hallucis)
Gray's page #494
  • Flexor digiti quinti brevis (Flexor brevis minimi digiti)
  • Opponens digiti quinti

The Fourth Layer

Gray's page #495
  • Interossei
  • Interossei dorsales (Dorsal interossei)
  • Interossei plantares (Plantar interossei)

See also

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "List_of_subjects_in_Gray's_Anatomy:_IV._Myology". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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