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Distal phalanges (single distal phalanx) are bones found in the limbs of most vertebrate skeletons. In humans, they are the finger bones located furthest from the shoulder joint, and the toe bones located furthest from the hip. They have a corresponding location in the limbs of most other vertebrates, including the fins of whales and the wings of birds. They are also usually conical.
Additional recommended knowledge
Very often, distal phalanges are tipped with claws. In primates, they are covered by a protective nail. Animals which walk digitigrade (such as dogs) tread upon them, and humans commonly use them to push buttons, pinch, and hold small objects.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Distal_phalanges". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|