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Circumflex scapular artery



Artery: Circumflex scapular artery
The scapular and circumflex arteries. (Scapular circumflex visible at center.)
The axillary artery and its branches. (Scap. cir. visible near center.)
Latin arteria circumflexa scapulae
Gray's subject #149 588
Source subscapular artery
Dorlands/Elsevier a_61/12153941

The circumflex scapular artery (scapular circumflex artery, dorsalis scapulae artery) is a branch of the subscapular artery and part of the scapular anastomoses.

Additional recommended knowledge

It curves around the axillary border of the scapula, traveling through the anatomical "Triangular space" made up of the Subscapularis superiorally, the Teres major inferiorally, and the long head of the Triceps laterally.

It enters the infraspinatous fossa under cover of the Teres minor, and anastomoses with the transverse scapular artery and the descending branch of the transverse cervical.

Branches

In its course it gives off two branches:

  • one (infrascapular) enters the subscapular fossa beneath the Subscapularis, which it supplies, anastomosing with the transverse scapular artery and the descending branch of the transverse cervical.
  • the other is continued along the axillary border of the scapula, between the Teres major and minor, and at the dorsal surface of the inferior angle anastomoses with the descending branch of the transverse cervical.

In addition to these, small branches are distributed to the back part of the Deltoideus and the long head of the Triceps brachii, anastomosing with an ascending branch of the profunda brachii.

This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Circumflex_scapular_artery". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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