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ABE fermentation is a process that utilizes bacterial fermentation to produce acetone, butanol and ethanol. It was the primary process used to make acetone during World War II. The process is anaerobic (it must not have any oxygen present), similar to how yeast ferments sugars to produce ethanol for wine, beer, or fuel. The process produces these solvents in a ratio of 3-6-1, or 3 parts acetone, 6 parts butanol and 1 part ethanol. It usually uses a strain of bacteria from the Clostridia Class (Clostridium Family). Clostridium acetobutylicum is the most well known strain, although Clostridium beijerinckii has also been used for this process, with good results.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "ABE_fermentation". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|