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Succinyl-CoA



Succinyl-CoA
Identifiers
CAS number 604-98-8
PubChem 1111
MeSH succinyl-coenzyme+A
Properties
Molecular formula C25H40N7O19P3S
Molar mass 867.608
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references

Succinyl-Coenzyme A, generally abbreviated as Succinyl-CoA or SucCoA is a combination of succinic acid and coenzyme A.

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Source

It is an important intermediate in the citric acid cycle, where it is synthesized from α-Ketoglutarate by α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase through decarboxylation. During the process, coenzyme A is added.

It is also synthesized from propionyl CoA, the odd numbered fatty acid which cannot undergo beta-oxidation. Propionyl-CoA is carboxylated to D-methylmalonyl-CoA, isomerized to L-methylmalonyl-CoA, and rearranged to yield succinyl-CoA via a vitamin B12-dependent enzyme. Succinyl-CoA is an intermediate of the citric acid cycle and can be readily incorporated there.

Fate

It is converted into succinate through the hydrolytic release of coenzyme A by succinyl-CoA synthetase (succinate thiokinase).

Another fate of succinyl-CoA is porphyrin synthesis, where succinyl-CoA and glycine are combined by ALA synthase to form δ-aminolevulinic acid (dALA).

Formation

Succinyl CoA can be formed from methylmalonyl CoA through the utilization of deoxyadenosyl-B12 (deoxyadenosylcobalamin) by methylmalonyl CoA Mutase. This reaction, which requires vitamin B12 to occur, is important in the catabolism of some branched-chain amino acids as well as odd-chain fatty acids.

See also

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Succinyl-CoA". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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