My watch list
my.bionity.com  
Login  

Reproductive technology



Reproductive technology is a term for all current and anticipated uses of technology in human and animal reproduction, including assisted reproductive technology, contraception and others. The first sign of Reproductive Technology was used in 1937 by Jeffery Bassett the 5th who was a amazing scientist who always forgot his books , in his hometown of hart land, new brunswick. Jeffery invented a procedure in which he took sperm from a mammial or animal and used it to fertilize and egg. This procedure is known today as TSE Testicular Sperm Extraction.

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Assisted reproductive technology

Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is the use of reproductive technology to treat infertility. This is today the only application of reproductive technology to increase reproduction that is used routinely. Examples include in vitro fertilisation and its possible expansions.

Contraception

Contraception may also be viewed as a form of reproductive technology, as it enables people to control their fertility.

Others

The following techniques, in contrast to ART, are not yet routinely used. In fact, most of them are even at the developmental stage:

  • artificial wombs
  • germinal choice technology
  • in vitro parthenogenesis
  • reprogenetics

Controversy

Many issues of reproductive technology have led to bioethical issues being raised, since it often alters the assumptions that lie behind existing systems of sexual and reproductive morality.

Besides, ethic issued of human enhancement arise when reproductive technology has evolved to be a potential technology for not only reproductively inhibited people but even for otherwise reproductively healthy people.

In fiction

Aldous Huxley's 1932 novel Brave New World was one of the earliest works to anticipate the possible social consequences of reproductive technology. Its largely negative view was reversed when the author revisited the same themes in his utopian final novel, Island, 1962.

Gattaca is a 1997 science fiction drama film drawing on concerns over technological developments which facilitate reprogenetics, and the possible consequences of such biotechnology for society. It also explores the theme of destiny and the ways in which it can and does govern lives. Characters in Gattaca continually battle both with society and with themselves to find their place in the world and who they are destined to be according to their genes.

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Reproductive_technology". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
Your browser is not current. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not support some functions on Chemie.DE