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Renal compensation

Renal compensation is a mechanism by which the kidneys can regulate the plasma pH. It is slower than respiratory compensation, but has a greater ability to restore normal values.

In respiratory acidosis, the kidney produces and excretes ammonium (NH4+) and monophosphate, generating bicarbonate in the process while clearing acid.[1]

In respiratory alkalosis, less HCO3- is reabsorbed, thus lowering the pH.[2]


  1. ^ Physiology at MCG 7/7ch12/7ch12p45
  2. ^ Physiology at MCG 7/7ch12/7ch12p48
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Renal_compensation". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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