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Kikayon (קיקיון) is the Hebrew name of a plant mentioned in the Biblical Book of Jonah.
Additional recommended knowledge
The first use of the term kikayon is in the biblical book of Jonah, Chapter 4:
The description may indicate an entheogenic mushroom such as fly agaric (Amanita muscaria). Mushrooms grow and wither very rapidly ("in a night"), were uncultivated in ancient times ("not labored over") due to the invisibility of mushroom spores to the naked eye, and in some cultures the Amanita muscaria mushroom is associated with–and named after– an umbrella or parasol because of its shape  ("a shadow over his head"). Paradoxically, the red cap of Amanita muscaria was also associated with the sun due to its round shape and color. When the mushroom cap is dried its color changes from red to gold, like the sun rising in the sky. The "rising sun" mushroom cap beating on Jonah's head and causing him to become faint describes the effects of fly agaric intoxication. In ancient times worms, maggots, serpents and dragons all fitted into one category  (the Old English "wyrm" could mean any of these creatures), symbolizing chthonic forces, to which the Amanita muscaria mushroom also belonged. The Sanskrit mushroom names ahichattra(ka) and sarpacchattra(ka) mean "snake parasol". 
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Kikayon". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|