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Hyperosmolar syndrome

Diabetes mellitus
Types of Diabetes
Diabetes mellitus type 1
Diabetes mellitus type 2
Gestational diabetes

Impaired fasting glycaemia
Impaired glucose tolerance

Disease Management
Diabetes management:
Diabetic diet
Anti-diabetic drugs
•Conventional insulinotherapy
Intensive insulinotherapy
Other Concerns
Cardiovascular disease

Diabetic comas:
Diabetic hypoglycemia
Diabetic ketoacidosis
•Nonketotic hyperosmolar

Diabetic myonecrosis
Diabetic nephropathy
Diabetic neuropathy
Diabetic retinopathy

Diabetes and pregnancy

Blood tests
Blood sugar
Glucose tolerance test
Glycosylated hemoglobin

Hyperosmolar syndrome or diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome is a medical emergency caused by a very high blood glucose level.

Additional recommended knowledge

The prefix "hyper" means high, and "osmolarity" is a measure of the concentration of active particles in a solution, so the name of the syndrome simply refers to the high concentration of glucose in the blood.

Signs & symptoms

Hyperosmolar syndrome may take a long duration - days and weeks - to develop. However, certain signs and symptoms may indicate that such a condition is developing. Some of the signs include the following[1]:

  1. Excessive thirst despite frequently taking water / other liquids
  2. Continued high level of blood sugar
  3. Dry and/ or parched mouth
  4. Frequency of urination increases
  5. Pulse rate becomes rapid
  6. Shortness of breath with exertion
  7. Skin becomes dry and warm and there is no sweating
  8. Sleepiness and/ or a condition of confusion


  1. ^ Diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Hyperosmolar_syndrome". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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