Alternatives to animal testing
Testing on: invertebrates ·
Frogs · Primates · Rabbits · Rodents
Animal testing regulations
History of animal testing
History of model organisms
Laboratory animal sources
Animal rights/Animal welfare
Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act
Great ape research ban
International trade in primates
Britches · Brown Dog affair
Cambridge University primates
Pit of despair
Silver Spring monkeys
Charles River Laboratories, Inc.
Covance · Harlan
Huntingdon Life Sciences
UK lab animal suppliers
Nafovanny · Shamrock
Americans for Medical Progress
AALAS · AAAS
Boyd Group · BUAV
Dr Hadwen Trust · PETA
Foundation For Biomedical Research
National Anti-Vivisection Society
for Responsible Medicine
Primate Freedom Project
Pro-Test · SPEAK
Research Defence Society
Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty
Colin Blakemore · Carl Cohen
Gill Langley · Ingrid Newkirk
Neal Barnard · Jerry Vlasak
Simon Festing · Tipu Aziz
A great ape research ban, or severe restrictions on the use of non-human great apes in research, is currently in place in the Netherlands, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, Sweden, Germany and Austria. Austria is the only country in the world where experiments on lesser apes, the gibbons, are completely banned too.
Additional recommended knowledge
These countries have ruled that chimpanzees, bonobos, gorillas, and orangutans are cognitively so similar to humans that using them as test subjects is unethical. Announcing the UK’s ban in 1986, the British Home Secretary said: "[T]his is a matter of morality. The cognitive and behavioural characteristics and qualities of these animals mean it is unethical to treat them as expendable for research." Britain continues to use other primates in laboratories, such as macaques and marmosets.
The British newspaper, The Independent, has argued that the "demand for a comprehensive ban by the European Union on experiments involving great apes is surely unanswerable"
The United States is the world's largest user of chimpanzees for biomedical research, with approximately 1,300 individuals currently in U.S. labs. A Washington-state group called Ban Ape Research (BAR) is campaigning to enact an ordinance in Seattle that would prohibit non-human great-ape experiments in that city, which would be the first jurisdiction in the U.S. to take this step.
In 2006 the permanency of the UK ban was questioned by Colin Blakemore, head of the Medical Research Council. Blakemore, while stressing he saw no "immediate need" to lift the ban, argued "that under certain circumstances, such as the emergence of a lethal pandemic virus that only affected the great apes, including man, then experiments on chimps, orang-utans and even gorillas may become necessary." The British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection described Blakemore's stance as "backward-looking." 
- Great Ape personhood
- Declaration on Great Apes
- Great Ape Project
- Animal liberation movement
- Animal testing
- ^ Helene Guldberg. "The great ape debate", Spiked online, March 29, 2001.
- ^ "Ban all experiments on the higher primates", The Independent, March 28, 2001.
- ^ Steve Connor. "Scientists 'should be allowed to test on apes'", The Independent, June 3, 2006.
|Activists||Nicolas Atwood · Greg Avery · David Barbarash · Rod Coronado · Barry Horne · Ronnie Lee · Keith Mann · Ingrid Newkirk · Alex Pacheco · Henry Spira · Andrew Tyler · Jerry Vlasak · Paul Watson · Robin Webb|
|Groups and leaderless resistance||Americans For Medical Advancement · Animal Aid · Animal Legal Defense Fund · Animal Liberation Front · Animal Liberation Front Supporters Group · Animal liberation movement · Animal Liberation Press Office · Animal Rights Militia · Born Free Foundation · British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection · Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing · Center on Animal Liberation Affairs · Compassion Over Killing · Dr Hadwen Trust · In Defense of Animals · Great Ape Project · Hunt Retribution Squad · Hunt Saboteurs Association · Justice Department · Lobster Liberation Front · Massachusetts Animal Rights Coalition · National Anti-Vivisection Society · People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals · Revolutionary Cells · Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine · Primate Freedom Project · Southern Animal Rights Coalition · Save the Hill Grove Cats · SNGP · Sea Shepherd Conservation Society · SPEAK · Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty · Viva! · Uncaged Campaigns ·|
|Issues||Animal Enterprise Terrorism Act · Animal Rights · Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act · Animal testing · Bile bear · Bull fighting · Bunching · Covance · Dairy industry · Dog fighting · Factory farming · Fish farming · Foie gras · Fox hunting · Fur farming · Great Ape research ban · Greyhound racing · Green Scare · Horse racing · Horse slaughter · Hunting · Huntingdon Life Sciences · International trade in primates · Meat industry · Nafovanny · Non-human primate experiments · Open rescue · Operation Backfire · Pet shops · Puppy farming · Shamrock Farm · Silk farming · Speciesism · Veal · Veganism · Vegetarianism|
|Highlighted cases of the treatment of animals||Brown Dog affair · Britches · Cambridge University primates · Pit of despair · Silver Spring monkeys · Unnecessary Fuss|
|Writers||Steven Best · Stephen R.L. Clark · Gary Francione · Gill Langley · Tom Regan · Richard D. Ryder · Peter Singer · Steven M. Wise|
|Books||Animal Liberation (1977)|
|Magazines||Arkangel · Bite Back · No Compromise|
|Films||Behind the Mask (2006) · Earthlings (2005)|
|Categories|| · · · |
|Extant family||Hylobatidae · Hominidae|
|Extant genera||Hylobates · Hoolock · Nomascus · Symphalangus · Pongo · Gorilla · Pan · Homo|
|Extant species||Lar Gibbon · Agile Gibbon · Müller's Bornean Gibbon · Silvery Gibbon · Pileated Gibbon · Kloss's Gibbon · Western Hoolock Gibbon · Eastern Hoolock Gibbon · Siamang · Black Crested Gibbon · Eastern Black Crested Gibbon · White-cheeked Crested Gibbon · Yellow-cheeked Crested Gibbon · Bornean Orangutan · Sumatran Orangutan · Western Gorilla · Eastern Gorilla · Common Chimpanzee · Bonobo · Human|
|Ape study||Aquatic ape hypothesis · Ape language · Ape Trust · Dian Fossey · Birutė Galdikas · Jane Goodall · Chimpanzee genome project · Human genome project|
|Legal status||Personhood · Research ban · Declaration · Kinshasa Declaration · Great Ape Project · Survival Project|
|See also...||Bushmeat · Ape extinction · List of notable apes · List of fictional apes · Human evolution · Mythic Humanoids · Hominid · Planet of the Apes|