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Filgrastim is a granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) analog used to stimulate the proliferation and differentiation of granulocytes. It is produced by recombinant DNA technology. The gene for human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor is inserted into the genetic material of Escherichia coli. The G-CSF then produced by E. coli is only slightly different from G-CSF naturally made in humans.
It is marketed by Amgen with the brand name Neupogen.
Additional recommended knowledge
Filgrastim is used to treat neutropenia (a low number of neutrophils), stimulating the bone marrow to increase production of neutrophils. Causes of neutropenia include chemotherapy and bone marrow transplantation.
Filgrastim should not be used in patients with known hypersensitivity to E. coli-derived proteins.
The most commonly observed adverse effect is mild-to-moderate bone pain after repeated administration and local skin reactions at the site of injection.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Filgrastim". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|