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Dental instruments refer to the tools which dental professionals use to provide dental treatment. They include tools to examine, manipulate, restore and remove teeth and surrounding oral structures.
Additional recommended knowledge
Standard instruments are the instruments used to examine restore and extract teeth and manipulate tissues
These tools allow the dental professional to manipulate tissues, to allow better visual access during treatment or during dental examination.
Dental mirrors are used by the dentist or dental auxiliary to view a mirror image of the teeth in locations of the mouth where visibility is difficult or impossible. They also are useful for reflecting light onto desired surfaces, and with retraction of soft tissues to improve access or vision.
High speed air driven, slow speed, friction grip, surgical hand piece. Straight handpiece with Christmas tree bur
Dental Burs cutting surface are either made of a multifluted tungsten carbide, a diamond coated tip or a stainless steel multi fluted rosehead. There are many different types and classifications of burs some of the most common are: the round bur (sizes ¼ to 10) or inverted cone (sizes 33½ to 37L) Burs are also classified by the type of shank. For instance a latch type, or right angle bur is only used in the slow speed handpiece with contra-angle attachment. Long shank or shaft is only used in the slow speed when the contra-angle is not in use, and finally a friction grip bur which is a small bur used only in the high speed handpiece.
There are many bur shapes
Flat fissure, pear-shaped, football, round, tapered, flame, chamfer, bevel. bud bur, steel ,inverted cone ,diamond,brown stone, greenstone
Straight - bevels the cavosurface margin and used in 3, 4 and 5 classifications of cavities on the maxillary. Wedelstaedt - only used in the anterior for classes 3, 4 and 5 as well. Bin Angle - this is held in a pen grasp and used for class 2 maxillary only.
Universal currettes, Gracey currettes
Spatula, Fox plane, Willis Gauge, Bunsen burner, wax knife, Le cron, calipers
Upper Universals, Upper Universal Fine, Lower universals, Upper Canine, Upper straight long, Upper straight short, Upper right molar, Upper left molar, Upper wisdom tooth, Greyhound, Root, Bayonet
Narrow and wide straight and curved luxators, Couplands, Warrick James, Cryer, periosteal elevator, root-tip pick, potts, Cogswell-A.
distal end cutters,weigharts
K-file, hedstrom file, gates glidden, finger spreader, Lentulo spiral, straight probe, apex locator, microscope, plugger.
Computer assisted modelling
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Dental_instruments". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|