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DLCO stands for the Diffusing capacity of the Lung for Carbon Monoxide, the test used to determine this parameter. DLCO is the extent to which oxygen passes from the air sacs of the lungs into the blood. It was introduced in 1909.
Additional recommended knowledge
Mechanism of test
The DLCO Test
This test involves measuring the partial pressure difference between inspired and expired carbon monoxide. It relies on the strong affinity and large absorption capacity of erythrocytes for carbon monoxide and thus demonstrates gas uptake by the capillaries that is less dependent on cardiac output.
Factors reducing DLCO
DLCO can be reduced by the following:
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "DLCO". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|