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A biobased product, as defined by the United States Secretary of Agriculture in the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002, is any manufactured, commercial, or industrial good (non-food) that is made up of biological materials or agricultural resources within the United States. Such materials may come from the byproducts of animals, plants, or other biological sources that are non-petroleum based.
Additional recommended knowledge
Sources of Biobased Products
Some examples of agricultural resources that make up many biobased products include: soybeans, corn, kenaf, flax, jute, and numerous other types of crops that are harvested all across America. Current applications of these agricultural resources create products such as ethanol (corn-based), soy candles, soy-based lubricants, kenaf office paper, and bioplastics to name a few.
Benefits of Biobased Products
The purchasing of biobased products helps many of the farmers across America who grow corn, soybeans, and other resources used by companies in the biobased industry. For example, ethanol is currently one of the leading alternative fuel sources in the U.S. In 2005 year, the Renewable Fuels Association reported 3,904 million gallons produced by 81 plants. Currently for the 2006 year, there are 97 ethanol plants with 33 more in production. A majority of these plants are owned by a collective of farms across the midwest. Another key benefit of biobased products is that they are not petroleum-based. This helps alleviate the consumption of resources that harm the environment in terms of biodegrability, toxicity, and pollution.
Organizations for Biobased Products
The following organizations are leading the way in supporting the Biobased Industry.
Federal Biobased Products Preferred Procurement Program (FB4P)
The FB4P program was created after the passing of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (FSRIA), also known as the 2002 Farm Bill. The U.S. Department of Agriculture is overseeing the program, with the work being done at Iowa State University. The research undertaken by the program helps implement the Farm Bill’s requirement of getting federal agencies to specifically buy biobased products. One key factor is the requirement that such products are readily available, reasonably priced, and pass the required performance standards of their non-biobased counterparts.
United Soybean Board
The United Soybean Board helps promote the use of soybeans farmed across America for use in consumer and industrial products. Originally created from the 1990 Farm Bill and funded by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the United Soybean Board performs research, advertising, and other functions to strengthen the soybean industry. To see the variety of products made from soybeans, a directory of products and companies is offered on their website.
Examples of companies that develop Biobased Products
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Biobased_Product". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|