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Alpinia



Alpinia

Red Ginger (Alpinia purpurata)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Zingiberales
Family: Zingiberaceae
Subfamily: Alpinioideae
Tribe: Alpinieae
Genus: Alpinia
L.
Species

See text.

Alpinia is a rather large genus of plants, with more than 230 species from the Ginger family (Zingiberaceae).

Additional recommended knowledge

DNA sequence-based methods (See : References) have shown that this genus is polyphyletic. It is represented by six clades distributed across the tribe Alpinieae, that do not correspond to Smith's (1990) classification of the genus (See : References). Further research is needed to specify the taxa in this genus.

They occur in tropical and subtropical climates of Asia and the Pacific, and are in great demand as ornamentals because of their flashy flowers.

These plants grow from large rhizomes. The stem consists of closely folded blades, such as in banana trees. The flowers grow on long racemes.

Ethnomedical Uses

Alpinia galanga is a commonly used species, with similar use and flavor to Kaempferia galaga.

  • The rhizome is used to create a tincture that is applied topically to treat fungal skin infections.
  • The rhizome is taken orally to enhance digestion, treat intestinal infection, Type II Diabetes, bronchitis, rheumatism, and as an aphrodesiac

Species

Common species:

  • Alpinia abundiflora
  • Alpinia acrostachya
  • Alpinia caerulea - Australian Native Ginger
  • Alpinia conchigera - Lesser Alpinia
  • Alpinia emaculata
  • Alpinia galanga - Greater Galingal
  • Alpinia javanica - Javanese Alpinia
  • Alpinia melanocarpa - Black-fruited Alpinia
  • Alpinia mutica - Small Shell Ginger, Orchid Ginger, Narrow-leaved Alpinia
  • Alpinia nutans - Dwarf Cardamom, Ginger Lily, Shell Ginger
  • Alpinia officinarum - Lesser Galangal, Chinese Ginger
  • Alpinia petiolata - Stalked-leaved Alpinia
  • Alpinia purpurata - Red Ginger, Ostrich Plume, Jungle Queen, Pink Cone Ginger
  • Alpinia pyramidata - Java Galangal
  • Alpinia rafflesiana - Raffles' Alpinia
  • Alpinia speciosa - Shellflower, Shellplant
  • Alpinia striata
  • Alpinia zerumbet - Golden Lotus, Shell Ginger)
  • Alpinia zingiberina

Less common species:

  • Alpinia acuminata
  • Alpinia aenea
  • Alpinia affinis
  • Alpinia agiokuensis
  • Alpinia alata
  • Alpinia albertisii
  • Alpinia albipurpurea
  • Alpinia allugas
  • Alpinia amentacea
  • Alpinia angustifolia
  • Alpinia annabellae
  • Alpinia antillarum
  • Alpinia apoensis
  • Alpinia aquatica
  • Alpinia arctiflora
  • Alpinia arfakensis
  • Alpinia arundelliana
  • Alpinia assimilis
  • Alpinia athroantha
  • Alpinia aurantiaca
  • Alpinia auriculata
  • Alpinia bambusifolia
  • Alpinia beamanii
  • Alpinia biakensis
  • Alpinia bicalyculata
  • Alpinia bifida
  • Alpinia bilamellata
  • Alpinia bisculata
  • Alpinia blepharocalyx
  • Alpinia blumei
  • Alpinia boia
  • Alpinia boninsimensis
  • Alpinia borneensis
  • Alpinia borraginoides
  • Alpinia brachyantha
  • Alpinia brachypoda
  • Alpinia bracteata
  • Alpinia brevilabris
  • Alpinia brevis
  • Alpinia brevituba
  • Alpinia burkillii
  • Alpinia calcarata
  • Alpinia calcicola
  • Alpinia calycodes
  • Alpinia campanaria
  • Alpinia cannaefolium
  • Alpinia capitellata
  • Alpinia cardamomum-medium
  • Alpinia carinata
  • Alpinia carnea
  • Alpinia carolinensis
  • Alpinia celebica
  • Alpinia cernua
  • Alpinia chaunocolea
  • Alpinia chinensis
  • Alpinia chrysorachis
  • Alpinia coerulea
  • Alpinia coeruleo-viridis
  • Alpinia colossea
  • Alpinia comosa
  • Alpinia condensata
  • Alpinia conferta
  • Alpinia congesta
  • Alpinia conghuaensis
  • Alpinia conglomerata
  • Alpinia copelandii
  • Alpinia corallina
  • Alpinia coriacea
  • Alpinia coriandriodora
  • Alpinia cornu-cervi
  • Alpinia cristata
  • Alpinia crocodocalyx
  • Alpinia cumingii
  • Alpinia cylindrocephala
  • Alpinia dasystachys
  • Alpinia decurva
  • Alpinia decurvata
  • Alpinia dekockii
  • Alpinia densespictata
  • Alpinia densibractetata
  • Alpinia densiflora
  • Alpinia diffissa
  • Alpinia divaricata
  • Alpinia dolichocephala
  • Alpinia domatifera
  • Alpinia dyeri
  • Alpinia edanoi
  • Alpinia elmeri
  • Alpinia elwesii
  • Alpinia engleriana
  • Alpinia eremochlamys
  • Alpinia eremochlamys
  • Alpinia euastra
  • Alpinia eubractea
  • Alpinia eustales
  • Alpinia exostylis
  • Alpinia flabellata
  • Alpinia flava
  • Alpinia flexistamen
  • Alpinia fluvitialis
  • Alpinia formosana
  • Alpinia foxworthyi
  • Alpinia fraseriana
  • Alpinia fusiformis
  • Alpinia gagnepainii
  • Alpinia gigantea
  • Alpinia glabra
  • Alpinia glabrescens
  • Alpinia glacicaerulea
  • Alpinia globosa
  • Alpinia gracilis
  • Alpinia gracillima
  • Alpinia graminea
  • Alpinia grandiceps
  • Alpinia grandis
  • Alpinia guinanensis
  • Alpinia haenkei
  • Alpinia hagena
  • Alpinia hainanensis
  • Alpinia hamiltoniana
  • Alpinia hansenii
  • Alpinia havilandii
  • Alpinia hemsleyanan
  • Alpinia henryi
  • Alpinia hibinoi
  • Alpinia himantoglossa
  • Alpinia hirsuta
  • Alpinia hokutensis
  • Alpinia homeana
  • Alpinia hookeriana
  • Alpinia hulstijnii
  • Alpinia humilis
  • Alpinia hylandii
  • Alpinia illustris
  • Alpinia intermedia
  • Alpinia involucrata
  • Alpinia iriomotensis
  • Alpinia janowskii
  • Alpinia japonica
  • Alpinia jianganfeng
  • Alpinia jingxiensis
  • Alpinia kainantensis
  • Alpinia katsumadae
  • Alpinia kelungensis
  • Alpinia kermesina
  • Alpinia kiungensis
  • Alpinia kiushiana
  • Alpinia koidzumiana
  • Alpinia korthalsii
  • Alpinia koshunensis
  • Alpinia kumatahe
  • Alpinia kusshakuensis
  • Alpinia kwangsiensis
  • Alpinia laosensis
  • Alpinia latilabris
  • Alpinia lauterbachii
  • Alpinia laxiflora
  • Alpinia laxisecunda
  • Alpinia leptostachya
  • Alpinia ligulata
  • Alpinia linguiformis
  • Alpinia longepetiola
  • Alpinia luteo-carpa
  • Alpinia maclurei
  • Alpinia maclurei
    guangdongensis
  • Alpinia macrantha
  • Alpinia macrocarpa
  • Alpinia macrocephala
  • Alpinia macroscaphis
  • Alpinia macrostemon
  • Alpinia macroura
  • Alpinia maculata
  • Alpinia malaccensis
  • Alpinia malaccensis nobilis
  • Alpinia manii
  • Alpinia manostachys
  • Alpinia martinii
  • Alpinia maxii
  • Alpinia mediomaculata
  • Alpinia menghaiensis
  • Alpinia mesanthera
  • Alpinia microlophon
  • Alpinia missionis
  • Alpinia modesta
  • Alpinia mollis
  • Alpinia mollissima
  • Alpinia molucana
  • Alpinia monopleura
  • Alpinia multispicata
  • Alpinia murdochii
  • Alpinia musaefedia
  • Alpinia myriocratera
  • Alpinia nanchuanensis
  • Alpinia napoensis
  • Alpinia neesana
  • Alpinia nidus-vespae
  • Alpinia nieuwenhuizii
  • Alpinia novae-hiberniae
  • Alpinia novae-pommeraniae
  • Alpinia nupiocratera
  • Alpinia oblongifolia
  • Alpinia oceanica
  • Alpinia odontonema
  • Alpinia oligantha
  • Alpinia orchioides
  • Alpinia orthostachys
  • Alpinia ovata
  • Alpinia ovoidocarpa
  • Alpinia oxymitra
  • Alpinia oxyphylla
  • Alpinia padacanca
  • Alpinia pahangensis
  • Alpinia papuana
  • Alpinia parviflora
  • Alpinia pectinata
  • Alpinia penduliflora
  • Alpinia penicillata
  • Alpinia philippinensis
  • Alpinia phoenicea
  • Alpinia pininga
  • Alpinia pinnanensis
  • Alpinia platychilus
  • Alpinia plectophylla
  • Alpinia plumieri
  • Alpinia polyantha
  • Alpinia porphyrea
  • Alpinia porphyrocarpa
  • Alpinia porrecta
  • Alpinia pricei
  • Alpinia psilogyna
  • Alpinia pterocalyx
  • Alpinia ptychanthera
  • Alpinia pulcherrima
  • Alpinia pumila
  • Alpinia punicea
  • Alpinia quadriloba
  • Alpinia racimigera
  • Alpinia racemosa
  • Alpinia rafflesiana
  • Alpinia rechingeri
  • Alpinia regia
  • Alpinia reticosa
  • Alpinia rheedii
  • Alpinia rigida
  • Alpinia rolfei
  • Alpinia romblonensis
  • Alpinia romburghiana
  • Alpinia rosacea
  • Alpinia roscoeana
  • Alpinia rosea
  • Alpinia rosella
  • Alpinia roxburghii
  • Alpinia rubella
  • Alpinia rubra
  • Alpinia rubricaulis
  • Alpinia rubromaculata
  • Alpinia salamonensis
  • Alpinia samoensis
  • Alpinia sanderae
  • lpinia sandsii
  • Alpinia sasakii
  • Alpinia satsumensis
  • Alpinia schultzei
  • Alpinia schumanniana
  • Alpinia secunda
  • Alpinia secundiflora
  • Alpinia seimundii
  • Alpinia sericea
  • Alpinia sericiflora
  • Alpinia serrulata
  • Alpinia shimadae
  • Alpinia siamensis
  • Alpinia sibuyanensis
  • Alpinia silvicola
  • Alpinia simsii
  • Alpinia singuliflora
  • Alpinia smithiae
  • Alpinia spicata
  • Alpinia squarrosa
  • Alpinia stachyodes
  • Alpinia stapfiana
  • Alpinia stenobracteolata
  • Alpinia stenostachys
  • Alpinia strobilacea
  • Alpinia strobiliformis
  • Alpinia subfusicarpa
  • Alpinia submutica
  • Alpinia subspicata
  • Alpinia subverticillata
  • Alpinia suishaensis
  • Alpinia takaminei
  • Alpinia tamacuensis
  • Alpinia tomentosa
  • Alpinia tonkinensis
  • Alpinia tonrokuensis
  • Alpinia trachyascus
  • Alpinia tricolor
  • Alpinia tubulata
  • Alpinia unilateralis
  • Alpinia uraiensis
  • Alpinia uviformis
  • Alpinia valetoniana
  • Alpinia vanoverberghii
  • Alpinia velutina
  • Alpinia versicolor
  • Alpinia viridiflora
  • Alpinia vittata
  • Alpinia vitiensis
  • Alpinia vulcanica
  • Alpinia walang
  • Alpinia warburgii
  • Alpinia wenzelii
  • Alpinia werneri
  • Alpinia womerslyi
  • Alpinia wrayi

References

  • Smith, R.M. (1990) "Alpinia (Zingiberaceae): a proposed new infrageneric classification". Edinburgh Journal of Botany 47(1): 37, fig. 6B.
  • W. John Kress, Ai-Zhong Liu, Mark Newman and Qing-Jun Li - The molecular phylogeny of Alpinia (Zingiberaceae): a complex and polyphyletic genus of gingers; American Journal of Botany; 2005; 92:167-178
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Alpinia". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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