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Acacia sieberiana



Acacia sieberiana

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Mimosoideae
Genus: Acacia
Species: A. sieberiana
Binomial name
Acacia sieberiana
DC.
Synonyms
  • Acacia abyssinica sensu auct.
  • Acacia amboensis Schinz
  • Acacia davyi sensu auct.
  • Acacia purpurascens Vatke
  • Acacia sieberana DC.
  • Acacia sieberiana DC. subsp. vermoesenii (De Wild.)Troupin
  • Acacia vermoesenii De Wild.[1]

Acacia sieberiana is a perennial tree native to Africa and introduced into Pakistan.[1] This tree grows 3–25 m in height, with a trunk diameter of 0.6–1.8 m.[2] Its uses include forage, medicine and wood. It is not listed as being a threatened species.[1]

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Uses

Fiber

Twine is made from the inside bark for stringing beads.[2][3]

Food

The gum is edible.[3]

Forage

The flowers of the tree make good forage for bees and bee hives are put directly in the trees for this.[2] The tree leaves sometimes contain chemical compounds that when ingested may release hydrogen cyanide and they can be lethal to cattle. They can be lifesaving during dry times of the year.[2]

Gum

The gum is used as food, an adhesive, and to make ink.[3]

Medicinal uses

In Africa, the bark or root is used to treat urinary tract inflammation.[3] The bark has astringent properties and it is used to treat colds, cough,[3] and childhood fever.[2] According to the World AgroForestry Centre,

"A decoction of the root is taken as remedy for stomach-ache. The bark, leaves and gums are used to treat tapeworm, bilharzia, haemorrhage, orchitis, colds, diarrhoea, gonorrhoea, kidney problems, syphilis, ophthalmia, rheumatism and disorders of the circulatory system. It is also used as an astringent. The pods serve as an emollient, and the roots for stomach-ache, acne, tapeworms, urethral problems, oedema and dropsy."[2]

Nitrogen fixation

The tree fixes nitrogen, so it takes nitrogen gas out of the air and converts it into nitrogen fertilizer, from which surrounding crops benefit.[2]

Tannin

Tannin is found in the bark and seed pods.[2]

Wood

The wood is fairly hard and it is used for furniture, handles for implements and tools for grinding.[2] The wood of A. sieberiana sensu lato has a density of about 655 kg/m³.[4]

Botanical varieties

  • Acacia sieberiana DC. var. sieberiana
  • Acacia sieberiana DC. var. woodii (Burtt Davy)Keay & Brenan[5]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b c ILDIS LegumeWeb
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i World Agroforestry Centre
  3. ^ a b c d e EcoTravel
  4. ^ FAO
  5. ^ ILDIS List

See also

  • Acacia
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Acacia_sieberiana". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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