Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein
myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein
| Other data
|| Chr. 6 p22-p21.3
Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein (MOG) is a glycoprotein believed to be important in the process of myelinization of nerves in the central nervous system (CNS).
The gene for MOG, found on chromosome 6, was first sequenced in 1995 . It is a transmembrane protein expressed on the surface of oligodendrocyte cell and on the outermost surface of myelin sheaths.
Role in disease
Interest in MOG has centered on its role in demyelinating diseases, particularly multiple sclerosis (MS). Several studies have shown a role for antibodies against MOG in the pathogenesis of MS.
- ^ Roth, M.-P.; Malfroy, L.; Offer, C.; Sevin, J.; Enault, G.; Borot, N.; Pontarotti, P.; Coppin, H. The human myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) gene: complete nucleotide sequence and structural characterization. Genomics 28: 241-250, 1995 PMID 8530032
- ^ Berger T, Rubner P, Schautzer F, Egg R, Ulmer H, Mayringer I, Dilitz E, Deisenhammer F, Reindl M. Antimyelin Antibodies as a Predictor of Clinically Definite Multiple Sclerosis after a First Demyelinating Event N Engl J Med. 2003 Jul 10;349(2):139-45. PMID 12853586