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Vector control


Vector control is any method to limit or eradicate the vectors of vector born diseases, for which the pathogen (e.g. virus or parasite) is transmitted by a vector which can be mammals, birds or arthropods, especially insects, and more specifically mosquitoes.

The most frequent type of vector control is mosquito control, which uses a variety of strategies, three of which are:

  1. Habitat control: stagnant water is avoided, by removal of old tires, empty cans etc., and better management of used water;
  2. Insecticides, spread over mosquito breeding zones, sprayed in houses, or impregnated in bednets;
  3. Introduction of sterilised male mosquitoes, in order to reduce the vector breeding rate.

The first method is to be recommended whenever possible for its cost-effectiveness.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Vector_control". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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