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Tibialis posterior muscle



Tibialis posterior muscle
The mucous sheaths of the tendons around the ankle. Medial aspect. (Tibialis posterior labeled at top center.)
Latin musculus tibialis posterior
Gray's subject #129 484
Origin: tibia, fibula
Insertion: navicular, medial cuneiform
Artery: posterior tibial artery
Nerve: tibial nerve
Action: inversion of the foot, plantar flexion of the foot at the ankle
Antagonist: Tibialis anterior muscle
Dorlands/Elsevier m_22/12551177

The Tibialis posterior is the most central of all the leg muscles.

Additional recommended knowledge

It is the key stabilising muscle of the lower leg.

Origin and insertion

It originates on the inner posterior borders of the tibia and fibula. It is also attached to the interosseous membrane, which attaches to the tibia and fibula.

The tendon of tibialis posterior the decends down posterior to the medial malleolus and to the plantar surface of the foot where it inserts on to the tuberosity of the navicular, the first and third cuneiforms, the cuboid and the second, third and fourth metatarsals.

Function

As well as being a key muscle for stabilisation, the tibialis posterior muscle also contracts to produce inversion of the foot and assists in the plantar flexion of the foot at the ankle.

Additional images

Tibialis posterior also has a major role in supporting the medial arch of the foot and therefore dysfunction can lead to flat feet in adults (as well as unopposed eversion as inversion is lost, leading to a valgus deformity).

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Tibialis_posterior_muscle". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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