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Sulfonal



Sulfonal
Systematic (IUPAC) name
2,2-bis(ethylsulfonyl)propane
Identifiers
CAS number 115-24-2
ATC code  ?
PubChem 8262
Chemical data
Formula C7H16O4S2 
Mol. mass 228.321
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability  ?
Metabolism  ?
Half life  ?
Excretion  ?
Therapeutic considerations
Pregnancy cat.

?

Legal status

Schedule III

Routes  ?


Sulfonal or acetone diethyl sulfone (CH3)2C(SO2C2H5)2, is an obsolete hypnotic prepared by condensing acetone with ethyl mercaptan in the presence of hydrochloric acid, the mercaptol (CH3)2C(SC2H5)2 formed being subsequently oxidized by potassium permanganate. It is also formed by the action of alcoholic potash and methyl iodide on ethylidene diethyl sulfine, CH3•CH(SO2C2H5)2 (which is formed by the oxidation of dithioacetal with potassium permanganate). It crystallizes in prisms melting at 125 C, which are practically insoluble in cold water, but dissolve in 15 parts of hot and also in alcohol and ether. It is the sulfonalum of the B.P., and the sulfomethanum of the U.S.P. It produces lengthened sleep in functional nervous insomnia, and is also useful in insanity, being given with mucilage of acacia or in hot liquids, owing to its insolubility, or in large capsules. Its hypnotic power is not equal to that of chloral, but as it is not a depressant to the heart or respiration it can be used when morphine or chloral are contra-indicated. It is, however, very uncertain in its action, often failing to produce sleep when taken at bedtime, but producing drowsiness and sleep the following day. The drowsiness the next day following a medicinal dose can be avoided by a saline laxative the morning after its administration. It is unwise to use it continuously for more than a few days at a time, as it tends to produce the sulfonal habit, which is attended by marked toxic effects, disturbances of digestion, giddiness, staggering gait and even paralysis of the lower extremities. These effects are accompanied by skin eruptions, and the urine becomes of a dark red color (hematoporphinuria). Sulfonal is cumulative in its effects. Many fatal cases of sulfonal poisoning are on record, both from chronic poisoning and from a single large dose. Trional (CH3)(C2H5)C(SO2C2H5)2, and tetronal, (C2H5)2C(SO2C2H5)2, are also obsolete hypnotics. They are faster in action than sulfonal, and trional does not disorder the digestion.

Additional recommended knowledge

References

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

External sources

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Sulfonal". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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